The CMaR program focuses on the interface between land and ocean and how ecological and social aspects influence vulnerable populations’ (women and youth) welfare. The program aims to provide useful policy advice by having a good understanding of the institutions mediating the complex and adaptive relationship between human societies and coastal ecosystems.

Areas of contribution

The CMaR program contributes to the development of the Global South by performing research in the following four areas:

  1. Waste management
    We focus on understanding the behavior of the different agents across the impact pathway regarding waste management, exploring the highest contributors to the mismanaged waste disposed of in the oceans.
    We analyze the effects of the interactions of standard policy instruments coupled with behavioral instruments, to understand to what extent this interaction generates impacts in several domains, at the consumer and producer levels.
    Finally, we will explore how to integrate waste disposal at the consumer’s level while efficiently processing waste at the level of urban local bodies in the coastal zone.
  2. Two-way welfare effects of coastal human-environmental interaction
    The economic impacts of mismanaged waste, especially at the sectoral level are part of our work. Also, we explore the welfare effects of behavioral interventions such as nudges that have gained popularity in environmental policymaking, especially when behavioral interventions appeal to an individual’s moral values. Finally, we explore the impact on food security and considering gender-disaggregated impacts.
  3. Assess policies, programs, and instruments to achieve more sustainable coastal social-ecological systems (SES) in villages in the developing world
    When policies are already in place or in the process of being implemented, we evaluate the ex-ante or ex-post impact of those policies on poverty and environmental outcomes. The implementation of social marketing efforts will be implemented, not only to understand how information diffuses through the networks but to maximize the reach of social marketing campaigns.
  4. Empowering stakeholders to act
    We propose strategies to empower community entrepreneurs in impoverished townships and engage relevant stakeholders in economic sectors that rely on environmental services.
    We also implement activities to strengthen the capacities of policymakers and other key stakeholders, and we will support local entrepreneurship efforts to include sustainable strategies.


The countries or regions participating in this collaborative program are Chile, China, Central America, India, South Africa, Tanzania, and Vietnam.


The CMaR collaborative program is managed at EfD Central America with technical support from the University of Gothenburg and senior network members.

For further information, please contact the analytical coordination team:

Francisco Alpizar

Róger Madrigal