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Abstract SDG 7, “affordable and clean energy,” is a major challenge for developing countries such as Colombia, where there has been a push to increase coverage with very high costs. This phenomenon…

7 October 2021 | Discussion Paper | Colombia

Abstract The increasing frequency of extreme events, exogenous and endogenous, poses challenges for our societies. The current pandemic is a case in point; but "once-in-a-century" weather events are…

27 April 2021 | Discussion Paper | Colombia

Abstract Collective action allows individuals to overcome market and state failures, something particularly relevant in rural areas and highly imperfect markets such as agricultural credit. We analyze…

17 March 2021 | Discussion Paper | Colombia

Regional integration in Africa is underway but ongoing progress requires that the gains are widely spread. South Africa’s huge regional trade surplus in manufactured goods is already leading to…

17 March 2021 | Discussion Paper | South Africa

Prior to 2009, there was no direct road connection between the southern regions of Mozambique—where the capital city is located—and the more agriculturally-productive central and northern regions. In…

30 July 2018 | Discussion Paper | Chile

Pervasive threats of climate change and land degradation have compounded the low farm productivity problem inherent in sub-Saharan Africa. Though sustainable agricultural intensification practices…

17 March 2021 | Discussion Paper | South Africa

Evidence of market integration between farmed pangasius and wild-caught whitefish is provided in the literature, pointing towards pangasius prices being determined on the large international whitefish…

1 May 2020 | Discussion Paper | Vietnam