Sustainable, low-emission electricity generation options are needed in the Greater Mekong Subregion, including for cross-border electricity trade. Large-scale investment in solar and wind power, together with off-river pumped hydro energy storage, is identified as a promising way forward. The GMS has many potential off-river pumped hydro sites. Actionable recommendations include greater use of bilateral power purchase agreements for cross-border solar and wind power supply, and potential development of a high-voltage direct current grid. Institutional prioritization and ongoing evaluation are required to ensure desired social, environmental, and economic outcomes from the transition.
Sustainable Development Goals
Do, T. N., Burke, P. J., & Lu, B. (2023). Harnessing solar and wind for sustainable cross-border electricity trade in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 11. https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2023.1188335