Adoption of contract farming for managing agricultural risks: a case study in rice production in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam

Peer Reviewed
27 September 2021

Thuyen Thi Pham, Hoa Le Dang, Ngoc Thi Anh Pham, Huy Duc Dang

PurposeFarmers' risk attitudes and risk perceptions play an essential role in shaping risk management strategies to address risks and uncertainties. Contract farming is considered as one of the feasible approaches to tackle farmers' concerns. However, risk perspectives under various categories have not been included in studies on farmers' preferences for contract farming in the literature, especially in Vietnam. This study aims to determine factors affecting farmers' choices of different contract farming practices.Design/methodology/approachThe explanatory factor analysis (EFA) and multinomial logit model (MNL) were applied to explore the impacts of risk perspectives on farmers' preferences for contract farming. Data have been collected from 211 rice farmers in An Giang Province, “the rice bowl” of the Mekong Delta, Vietnam.FindingsThe study found that farm size, cooperatives, extension, market access and trust have significantly impacted on contract participation while a delay payment was a barrier for farmers' motivation to opt for the contract. Farmers' contract choices were also influenced by their risk attitudes and perceptions under different risk dimensions. The financial, policy and human risk-averse behavior predisposed farmers to single out the full contract while the policy and human risk-loving and production, market and finance risk-averse respondents were in favor of the marketing contract. Moreover, the findings indicated that the more farmers concerned about risk of weather and market, the more choices for the full contract, whereas the risk perceptions of weather and policy encouraged farmers to use the limited contract. By contrast, farmers who perceived the impacts of risk of diseases/pests and human were likely to adopt the marketing contract.Research limitations/implicationsThis study just focuses on collecting data from farmers’ perspective. Future studies involving stakeholders such as enterprises and policy makers are strongly recommended so as to design suitable contracts and enforce contract schemes effectively in Vietnam.Originality/valueThe findings also contribute to the literature on different types of contracts and the multidimensional aspect of risk for rice production in Vietnam.

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Publication reference
Pham, T. T., Dang, H. L., Pham, N. T. A., & Dang, H. D. (2021). Adoption of contract farming for managing agricultural risks: a case study in rice production in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). doi:10.1108/jadee-05-2021-0107
Publication | 6 January 2022