All countries now face enormous challenges posed by climate change. The consequences of continued greenhouse gas emissions are dire, particularly for countries in the Global South that are both more affected and more vulnerable to climate change at the same time as they have less capacity to adapt (AfDB, 2022). The realization that a low-carbon transition needs to be implemented also in countries in the Global South is well established and is also reflected in most countries’ ratification of the Paris Agreement and in their Nationally Determined Contributions. In effect, most countries in the Global South are now confronted with the fastest and most dramatic transformation of their economies that they have ever experienced – or at least they would need to be.
The low-carbon transition in the Global South needs to be guided by research since such a transition is an inherently very knowledge-intensive process. This is why the Sustainable Inclusive Economies (SIE) Division of the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) has identified this area as particularly interesting to support. This report is commissioned by SIE as part of a larger initiative to develop an actionable research agenda that the IDRC can support to achieve a low-carbon transition with gender equity in the Global South.
This Regional Policy Review for Latin America and the Caribbean is part of the Research Agenda for Low Carbon Transition and Gender Equity in the Global South series of papers. The consortium that is working on this series of papers is global and consists of 60 researchers from a multitude of universities and institutions. This particular paper has been written by Mateo Herrón and Jorge García from Los Andes University, and Santiago Arango and Clara Villegas from National University of Colombia. The EfD Global Hub staff supporting the authors were Daniel Slunge and Daniel Hernandez.
This Regional Policy Review for Latin America and the Caribbean is one of the three regional papers covering the experiences and political ambitions with respect to low-carbon transition in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The focus is on the opportunities and challenges that the regions will face in the years to come to achieve a low-carbon transition (LCT). Although the chapters present a regional perspective, they are supported by in-depth analyses of a sample of countries in each region. We hope to receive constructive comments on this draft paper from IDRC, our networks, and external scholars and practitioners. We will then revise the paper for validation by policymakers and senior civil servants in the Global South. Based on the reviews and validations, we plan to prepare final versions of both the paper and the accompanying High-Level Research Agenda by March 2023. The ambition is that these papers will be useful both for donors and research institutions in supporting an even greater contribution by research to a much-needed low-carbon transition with gender equity in the Global South in this crucial Decade of Action.
Director, Environment for Development