The Socioeconomics of COVID and Lockdowns Outside Advanced Economies: The Case of Bogotá.

Peer Reviewed
13 March 2023

Marcela Eslava, Oscar Becerra, Juan-Camilo Cárdenas, Margarita Isaacs, Daniel Mejia

Bogota is unique in recording and reporting the socioeconomic status of COVID-19
patients. As others in Latin America and Asia, the city imposed a blanket lockdown
before contagion picked up in early 2020 and kept it in place for six months. We
document that, during that period, being hospitalized or dying from COVID-19 was over
eight times more likely for an individual in the lowest group of the socioeconomic
classification, compared to one in the highest. We relate this to higher exposure to
contagion, by presenting evidence that people at the bottom of this classification are:
1) Less likely to be in occupations fit for telework; 2) Disproportionately hit by the
economic crisis; 3) Subject to more crowded environments; 4) Less likely to recognize a
high risk of contagion. The pandemic has widened socioeconomic gaps, in one of the
world’s most unequal societies.


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Publication reference
Eslava, M., Becerra, O., Cárdenas, J.-C., Isaacs, M., & Mejia, D. (2023). <p>The Socioeconomics of COVID and Lockdowns Outside
Advanced Economies: The Case of Bogota</p> Economía, 22(1).
Publication | 14 December 2023