Robalino, Juan, Francisco Alpízar and Laura Villalobos-Fiatt. 2014. “Payments for environmental services do not have negative social effects on poverty in Costa Rica”
Programs of payments for ecosystem services are policy instruments that compensate those who provide those services for the costs they incur. One of the most attractive characteristics of this type of programs is that they can increase the generation of ecosystem services while simultaneously reducing the negative economic and social costs that local people might face from land use restrictions.