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Research to manage the Environment for Development

Recent publications

2018-04-19

Climate-Smart Agricultural Practices and Welfare of Rural Smallholders in Ethiopia: Does Planting Method Matter?

The purpose of this study is to provide empirical evidence on the impact of a climate-smart agricultural practice (row planting) on the welfare of rural households. Data collected from 260 households in the North Wollo Zone of Ethiopia were analyzed using Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and a semi-parametric Local Instrumental Variable (LIV) version of the generalized Roy model. The results from the PSM revealed that adoption of row planting technology has a positive and significant impact on per capita consumption and on crop income per hectare.

2018-04-18

Adaptándose a la escasez de agua en comunidades rurales del corredor seco Centroamericano: Análisis de costo-beneficio para mejorar la provisión de agua potable en la comunidad de Maraxco, Chiquimula, Guatemala.

Esta investigación analizó un conjunto de hogares que experimentan escasez de agua para consumo doméstico en la comunidad Maraxco en Chiquimula, Guatemala. Históricamente, esta comunidad ha estado bajo condiciones de sequías prolongadas. Estas condiciones han contribuido sustancialmente a reducir la capacidad del sistema comunitario de agua de satisfacer las necesidades de esta comunidad. En esta investigación se identificó y estimó los costos económicos de las distintas medidas de adaptación (también llamadas defensivas) implementadas por los hogares ante la escasez de agua (p.ej.

2018-04-18

Spillovers from targeting of incentives: Exploring responses to being excluded

A growing set of policies involve transfers conditioned upon socially desired actions, such as attending school or conserving forest. However, given a desire to maximize the impact of limited funds by avoiding transfers that do not change behavior, typically some potential recipients are excluded on the basis of their characteristics, their actions or at random. This paper uses a laboratory experiment to study the behavior of individuals excluded on different bases from a new incentive that encourages real monetary donations to a public environmental conservation program.

2018-04-18

Transferencias condicionadas y pagos por servicios ecosistémicos

Los programas de transferencias condicionadas (PTC) para promover objetivos de salud y educación, así como los pagos por servicios ecosistémicos (PSE) en el caso de los objetivos ambientales, son dos instrumentos importantes de política pública. Ambos buscan alinear los intereses de la sociedad como un todo con los intereses de los individuos, familias y propietarios de la tierra.

2018-04-18

Promoviendo prácticas Agrícolas Climáticamente Inteligentes para enfrentar los efectos del cambio y la variabilidad climática en Trifinio

Este documento resume los principales hallazgos de un estudio orientado a determinar cuán Climáticamente Inteligentes son las prácticas agropecuarias que el CATIE (Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza), a través del Programa Agroambiental Mesoamericano (MAP, por sus siglas en inglés), y otras organizaciones gubernamentales y no gubernamentales han promovido y que miles de familias han adoptado en los territorios de Trifinio (zona fronteriza entre El Salvador, Honduras y Guatemala) y NicaCentral (centronorte de Nicaragua).

2018-04-18

Promoviendo prácticas Agrícolas Climáticamente Inteligentes para enfrentar los efectos del cambio y la variabilidad climática en el centro-norte de Nicaragua (NicaCentral)

Este documento resume los principales hallazgos de un estudio orientado a determinar cuán climáticamente inteligentes son las prácticas agropecuarias, que el CATIE (Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación y Enseñanza), a través del Programa Agroambiental Mesoamericano (MAP, por sus siglas en inglés), y otras organizaciones gubernamentales y no gubernamentales han promovido y que miles de familias han adoptado en los territorios de NicaCentral (centro-norte de Nicaragua) y Trifinio (zona transfronteriza entre El Salvador, Honduras y Guatemala).

2018-04-18

First experiences with a novel farmer citizen science approach: crowdsourcing participatory variety selection through on-farm triadic comparisons of technologies (tricot)

Rapid climatic and socio-economic changes challenge current agricultural R&D capacity. The necessary quantum leap in knowledge generation should build on the innovation capacity of farmers themselves. A novel citizen science methodology, triadic comparisons of technologies or tricot, was implemented in pilot studies in India, East Africa, and Central America. The methodology involves distributing a pool of agricultural technologies in different combinations of three to individual farmers who observe these technologies under farm conditions and compare their performance.

2018-04-18

Carbon stocks, net cash flow and family benefits from four small coffee plantation types in Nicaragua

This study sought to identify agroforestry systems with coffee that simultaneously generate financial profits, provide goods for family consumption, and store significant amounts of carbon in aboveground biomass. We studied 27 coffee plantations in Nicaragua, grouped in four typologies defined a priori: C1, full-sun coffee; C2, coffee, bananas and service trees; C3, coffee, bananas, service and timber trees; C4, coffee, bananas, service, timber and fruit trees.

2018-04-17

Land for food or power? Risk governance of dams and family farms in Southwest Ethiopia

This study use the concepts of riskscapes and risk governance to analyze the tensions between land use for food (farms) and energy (dams) in South West Ethiopia. It analyzes the linkage between risk perception, risk assessment and risk management for local and non-local actors. The study distinguish, after empirical analysis, as main riskscapes the riskscapes of landlessness, food and energy insecurity and siltation.

2018-04-17

Climate change adaptation: a study of multiple climate-smart practices in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia

Improving farm-level use of multiple climate change adaptation strategies is essential for improving household food security, particularly against a backdrop of a high risk of climatic shocks. However, the empirical foundation for understanding how farm households choose multiple climate-smart practices is far from being established. In this paper, the effects of household, farm and climatic factors on farmers’ decisions to use multiple adaptation practices are analysed.