Forest resources are critical capital for poor people in a number of countries supported by the EfD initiative. Villagers sell timber, work in forest-based tourism, and rely on forests for products like fuelwood, fodder, grazing and fruits that they consume themselves. Furthermore, forests provide benefits not directly used by farmers. For example, in mountainous areas forests protect watersheds from excessive erosion and flooding and provide worldwide values by sequestering carbon that would otherwise remain in the atmosphere. Creating mechanisms and incentives to improve the use of forest resources in the developing world is therefore of critical policy interest.
- ethiopia | Forestry Local Institutions and Better Forests: Empirical Evidence from Household Data This research aims to enhance informed policy-making and sustainable management of natural resources in Ethiopia through furthering our understanding of the factors that contribute to success (better outcome in forest commons). The research intends to investigate the interplay between the user characteristics, resource characteristics, and the institutional regime as they determine better forest outcome at a more deeper level using household level dataset.
- ethiopia | Climate change Forestry Community Controlled Forests, Carbon Sequestration and REDD+ Some Evidence from Ethiopia REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, “plus” afforestration) is a tool that supports forest carbon-enhancing approaches in the developing world in order to mitigate and hopefully reverse climate change. A key issue within REDD+ is to appropriately bring in the almost 25% of developing country forests that are effectively controlled by communities. Beyene, Abebe, Randall Bluffstone, and Alemu Mekonnen, 2013, "Community Controlled Forests, Carbon Sequestration and REDD+: Some Evidence from Ethiopia", Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series March 2013, EfD DP 13-07.
- ethiopia | Forestry Does one size fit all? Heterogeneity in the valuation of community forestry programs Through the implementation of a choice experiment valuation exercise, this study set out to identify the set of community plantation attributes that impact the welfare of potential community forestry program participants. Gelo, Dambala and Steven F. Koch, 2012, "Does one size fit all? Heterogeneity in the valuation of community forestry programs", Ecological Economics, 74:85-94
- central america | Forestry Parks & Wildlife International expert meeting on financial architecture for sustainable forest management The activity consisted of presentations and analysis of multiple forest financing schemes with the goal to identify alternative financing sources for sustainable forestry.
- central america | Climate change Forestry Policy design Payments for Ecosystem Services — no positive effect on incomes and jobs EfD researchers show that the Payments for Ecosystem Services program has no positive nor negative effects on people's income or jobs. And in the first three years of its implementation, the program had no effect on the deforestation rate. However, in the following five years, the program did slow down deforestation.
- eeu sweden | Forestry The Natural Forest Protection Program in China: A contingent valuation study in Heilongjiang province In 1998 the Chinese government implemented the Natural Forest Protection Program, NFPP, which included logging restrictions, protected areas, replanting, and a range of other policies aimed at safeguarding the state of the country’s forests and reducing the risk of erosion and flooding. Edström,F., H. Nilsson and Jesper Stage,2012,"The Natural Forest Protection Program in China: A contingent valuation study in Heilongjiang province",Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering,B1(3):426–432.
- tanzania | Forestry Sizing Protected Areas within a Landscape: The Roles of Villagers’ Reaction and the Ecological-Socioeconomic Setting Traditionally, siting and sizing decisions for parks and reserves reflected ecological characteristics but typically failed to consider ecological costs created from displaced resource collection, welfare costs on nearby rural people, and enforcement costs. Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z., Heidi J. Albers, and Jeffrey C. Williams, 2011, “Sizing Protected Areas within a Landscape: The Roles of Villagers’ Reaction and the Ecological-Socioeconomic Setting,” Land Economics 87(2):233-249
- tanzania | Forestry The trees and the bees: Using enforcement and income projects to protect forests and rural livelihoods through spatial joint production Forest managers in developing countries enforce extraction restrictions to limit forest degradation. In response, villagers may displace some of their extraction to other forests, which generates “leakage” of degradation. Albers, Heidi J. and Elizabeth J.Z. Robinson, 2011, “The trees and the bees: Using enforcement and income projects to protect forests and rural livelihoods through spatial joint production”, Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 40(3):424-438
- central america | Agriculture Behavior ec. Forestry Policy design Consecuencias imprevistas y efectos en el comportamiento de los mecanismos de selección de Pagos por Servicios Ambientales ¿Cómo los incentivos de mercado afectan el comportamiento de los que no reciben el PSA? Con este estudio el Programa de Investigación en Desarrollo, Economía y Ambiente (IDEA) de CATIE se dio a la tarea de explorar esta pregunta en Costa Rica. Muñoz Brenes, Carlos, Francisco Alpízar, Anna Nordén y Laura Villalobos. 2012. “Consecuencias imprevistas y efectos en el comportamiento de los mecanismos de selección de Pagos por Servicios Ambientales.” InfoCATIE, Año 1 (1) Agosto 2012. CATIE, Costa Rica.
- central america | Forestry Policy design DE RIO A RIO+: Lecciones de 20 años de experiencia en servicios ambientales en Costa Rica Lecciones de 20 años de experiencia en servicios ambientales en Costa Rica Porras, I., Miranda, M., Barton, D.N., Chacón, A. 2012. DE RIO A RIO+: Lecciones de 20 años de experiencia en servicios ambientales en Costa Rica. International Institute for Environment and Development. Londres.
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