Fish are a valuable resource, providing an important source of food and income on a global scale, especially for poor people. Fisheries in developing countries often suffer from the lack of well defined property rights (open access), causing problems with management, overfishing, compliance, and stock conservation. The EfD fisheries theme addresses these issues in a series of research projects:
- south africa | Fisheries Parks & Wildlife Policy design 70 million ZAR fund needed to address post-closure pollution from proposed mine Within the unique wetland area Mpumalanga Lake District in South Africa lies the site of a proposed, and controversial, opencast coal mine, the Lusthof colliery. It will require a preliminary ‘set-aside’ of about 70 million South African rands (9 million USD) to fund maintenance of water quality in the area’s rivers and lakes for a hundred years after closure, EfD researcher shows. Such set-asides to meet mine closure costs are required by South Africa’s mining legislation.
- tanzania | Agriculture Climate change Fisheries Policy design Poor fishermen and farmers lack benefits from government sustainable growth investments A child was killed by bees, and the fish did not survive. These were two sad outcomes of the investments in beehives and fishponds as alternative income sources for fishermen in marine protected areas in Tanzania. Field observations by EfD researchers were reported directly to policy makers at an experts’ policy meeting in 2012. An EfD review of how the country´s most important policy documents are addressing sustainable growth and poverty reduction will be presented at the dissemination workshop scheduled for January, 2013.
- tanzania | Agriculture Climate change Fisheries Poverty-local ecosystems income generation using economic instruments for sustainable utilization of environmental resources: Case study – Lake Victoria Basin Lake Victoria basin is Africa’s largest inland water hosting more than 300 endemic fish species (NBI, 2001). The basin is endowed with a wealth of natural resources land, forest resources, minerals, fish (particularly Nile Perch), wildlife, rivers and streams, wetlands and other biological resources, which provide unique opportunities for socio-economic development. Like in other places, the natural resources found in this basin offer avenue mostly to poor people to undertake economic activities for poverty reduction and sustainability of livelihoods (Chambers, 1992; Rennie and Sigh, 1996; Carney, 1998).
- south africa | Fisheries Risk Aversion: Experimental Evidence from South African Fishing Communities We estimate the risk attitudes of a large sample of individuals from various fishing communities along the west coast of South Africa. Brick Kerri, Martine Visser, and Justine Burns, 2011, “Risk Aversion: Experimental Evidence from South African Fishing Communities”, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 94(1), 133-152.
- central america | Behavior ec. Fisheries Parks & Wildlife Policy design The SES Framework in a Marine Setting: Methodological Lessons The paper discusses the application of Elinor Ostrom’s Social Ecological Systems (SES) framework, using as example a community organization in Costa Rica, which collectively extracts turtle eggs. Schlüter, A; Róger Madrigal. 2012. "The SES Framework in a Marine Setting: Methodological Lessons". Rationality, Markets and Morals, 3: 158-179.
- central america | Fisheries Policy design What makes them follow the rules? Empirical evidence from turtle egg harvesters in Costa Rica The paper examines compliance with rules for harvesting of eggs and protection of marine turtles. Written records on rule infractions and individuals surveys are used to analyze compliance. Madrigal-Ballestero,Róger, Achim Schlüter, and Maria Claudia Lopez. 2013. "What makes them follow the rules? Empirical evidence from turtle egg harvesters in Costa Rica". Marine Policy (37) 270–277.
- tanzania | Fisheries Forestry Parks & Wildlife Policy design Success factors for pairing conservation with enhanced forest and fish-based livelihoods In settings in which people rely directly on either forest or marine resources, protecting both the natural resources and livelihoods is challenging. Findings from Tanzania suggest that, where budgets are limited, key factors for a successful combination of livelihood and conservation policies include the strategic location of livelihood projects that target those most dependent on the protected resource rather than those most likely to cooperate with access restrictions. Robinson, E., J. Z., H. J. Albers, R. B. Lokina,Stephen Kirama. 2012. “Success factors for pairing conservation with enhanced forest and fish-based livelihoods – Lessons from Tanzania” EfD Policy brief. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania Environment for Development Tanzania http://www.efdinitiative.org/research/publications/publications-repository/success-factors-for-pairing-conservation-with-enhanced-forest-and-fish-based-livelihoods
- south africa | Fisheries Evaluation of the Status of the Namibian Hake Resource (Merluccius spp.) Using Statistical Catch-at-Age Analysis Namibian hake is the most important fish resource in Namibia. This monograph is a compilation of all the hake data, historic and recent, that has been used to inform stock assessment and management since the late 1970s. Kirchner, Carola, Paul Kainge, and Johannes Kathena, 2012, "Evaluation of the Status of the Namibian Hake Resource (Merluccius spp.) Using Statistical Catch-at-Age Analysis", Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series October 2012, EfD DP 12-12.
- Fisheries The distributional impact of common-pool resource regulations Regulating common-pool resources is welfare enhancing for society but not necessarily for all users who therefore may oppose regulations. We examine the short-term impact of common-pool resource regulations on welfare distribution. Ambec,Stefan and Carune Sebi, (2012)," The distributional impact of common-pool resource regulations", Indian Growth and Development Review, 4(2): 123-141.
- eeu sweden ethiopia | Agriculture Climate change Energy Fisheries Forestry Policy design Inclusive Green Growth discussed by top scientists and practitioners International top scientists and practitioners from EfD, WRI, UNEP, UNDP, IIED, SEI, World Bank and many more met at Sida on September 17 to discuss inclusive green growth, next steps and implications for global development and development cooperation after the Rio Summit 2012.
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