The design of policy instruments is the final and most crucial step in environmental economics. We are a group of researchers whose main focus when it comes to research, teaching and consulting or policy advice is on the actual design of policy instruments, please read more about our work under the subheading About Policy design, to be find in the left menu.
- central america | Policy design Evaluating Land Conservation Policies in Developing Countries What would have been the deforestation rate within and around protected areas if these protected areas had not been established? This project will allow to determine the impact of land conservation policies on deforestation and, with expenditure figures, the costs of saving an additional hectare of forest.
- ethiopia | Agriculture Policy design Impacts of land certification on tenure security, investment, and land market participation: evidence from Ethiopia While early attempts at land titling in Africa were often unsuccessful, factors such as new legislation, low-cost methods, and increasing demand for land have generated renewed interest. Deininger, Klaus, Daniel Ayalew Ali and Tekie Alemu, 2011, "Impacts of Land Certification on Tenure Security, Investment, and Land Markets Evidence from Ethiopia", Land Economics, 87(2): 312-334, 2011.
- Behavior ec. Policy design The cost-effectiveness of typhoid Vi vaccination programs: Calculations for four urban sites in four Asian countries The burden of typhoid fever remains high in impoverished settings, and increasing antibiotic resistance is making treatment costly. One strategy for reducing the typhoid morbidity and mortality is vaccination with the Vi polysaccharide vaccine.We use awealth of neweconomic and epidemiological data to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of Vi vaccination against typhoid in sites in four Asian cities: Kolkata (India), Karachi (Pakistan), North Jakarta (Indonesia), and Hue (Vietnam). We report results from both a societal as well as a public sector financial perspective. Cook J, Jeuland M, Whittington D, Poulos C, Clemens J, Sur D, Anh DD, Agtini M, Bhutta Z "The cost-effectiveness of typhoid Vi vaccination programs: calculations for four urban sites in four Asian countries" (2008) Vaccine Nov 25;26(50):6305-16.
- eeu sweden | Policy design Trade, GMOs, and Environmental Risk: Are Policies Likely to Improve Welfare? Controversy over the EU import ban on food from genetically modified organisms (GMOs) forced the EU to change course and institute a mandatory labeling scheme. This study first examined how different policies for the production and use of GMOs might influence the market outcome in consumer food markets. Second, it evaluated the welfare effects of the policy measures, finding that mandatory labeling often increases both domestic welfare and global welfare, while trade bans more likely decrease global welfare. Håkan Eggert, and Mads Greaker, ”Trade, GMOs, and Environmental Risk: Are Policies Likely to Improve Welfare?”, EfD Discussion Paper 08-19, a joint publication of the Environment for Development Initiative and Resources for the Future (www.rff.org), Washington DC. August 2008.
- central america | Agriculture Policy design More questions than answers Francisco Alpízar y Milagro Saborío wrote an article (Más preguntas que respuestas) for “La Nación” (1 June 2008) the most important newspaper in Costa Rica on the topic of biofuels. (Spanish only)
- ethiopia | Policy design Rural Livelihoods, Poverty,and the Millennium Development Goals: Evidence from Ethiopian Survey Data This in-depth look at key development issues facing Ethiopian households in context of the Millenium Development Goals uses survey data from 2000, 2002, and 2005. Ethiopia is making progress, but household incomes are shockingly low and hugely varied. Assets could potentially help smooth consumption, but the current property rights structure where land is owned by the government excessively limits households' options and makes it impossible for land to serve as a true, functioning asset. Randall Bluffstone, Mahmud Yesuf, Bilisuma Bushie, and Demessie Damite, "Rural Livelihoods, Poverty, and the Millennium Development Goals: Evidence from Ethiopian Survey Data", EfD Discussion Paper 08-07, a joint publication of the Environment for Development Initiative and Resources for the Future (www.rff.org), Washington DC. June 2008.
- eeu sweden | Agriculture Policy design Fast Track Land Reform, Tenure Security, and Investments in Zimbabwe There is evidence that the Fast Track Land Reform Program created insecurity among its beneficiaries and adversely impacted investments in soil conservation. However, households in the study that believed investing in land enhanced tenure security invested significantly more in soil conservation measures than other households. Precious Zikhali, "Fast Track Land Reform, Tenure Security, and Investments in Zimbabwe", EfD Discussion Paper 08-23, a joint publication of the Environment for Development Initiative and Resources for the Future (www.rff.org), Washington DC. June 2008.
- china | Climate change Policy design “Co-benefits” of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies in China: An Integrated Top-Down and Bottom-Up Modeling Analysis This paper describes an integrated modeling approach to combine a top-down, recursive CGE model with a bottom-up, electricity-sector model to simulate two categories of policies. Jing Cao, Mun S. Ho, and Dale W. Jorgenson, "“Co-benefits” of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies in China: An Integrated Top-Down and Bottom-Up Modeling Analysis", EfD Discussion Paper 08-10, a joint publication of the Environment for Development Initiative and Resources for the Future (www.rff.org), Washington DC. April 2008.
- central america | Policy design Adaptative design and management of a payment for ecosystem services scheme in Copan Ruinas, Honduras This article presents a case study of development of a Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) program related to drinking water in the city of Copán Ruinas, Honduras. (Text in Spanish) Madrigal R., F. Alpizar. 2008. Diseño y gestión adaptativa de un programa de pagos por servicios ecositémicos en Copán Ruinas, Honduras. Investigación Agraria: Sistemas y Recursos Forestales 2008 17(1), 79-90.
- south africa | Policy design “The Values of Conserving Genetic Resources for R&D: A Survey” The value of genetic resources for R&D is placed within the framework of discussions concerning sustainability. We assess the extent to which society is able to invest now in order to prepare for future risks and uncertainties in the arrival of biological problems. M. Sarr, T. Goeschl and T. Swanson,2008, “The Values of Conserving Genetic Resources for R&D: A Survey”, Ecological Economics, 67: 184–193.
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