Research related to different aspects of climate change is currently undertaken by the EfD centers in Central America, Ethiopia, and South Africa. The centers cover a wide range of important research topics on climate change ranging from applied work on adaptation to research on different aspects of tradable emissions permits schemes and mitigation of greenhouse gases.
- tanzania | Agriculture Climate change Sustainable financing options of the climate change and climate variability adaptation measures by rural smallholder farmers in Tanzania A majority of the rural poor in Tanzania derive their income from agriculture. The most important input in the agricultural production is labour and the rain water. This situation implies that, very large proportion of population in the country is vulnerable to climatic change and variability. At the national level there exist various interventions in the agriculture sector to facilitate increased efficiency and productivity.
- tanzania | Climate change Policy design The Vulnerability of Households Welfare to Shocks in Tanzania Tanzania is largely an agrarian economy where over 70 percent of the population lives in the rural areas. The mainstay of the rural economy is agriculture and livestock keeping, and the agriculture production relies almost exclusively on the rainfall. As a result, changes in the rainfall pattern have a direct and immediate impact on the agriculture production, which in turn impacts on the household welfare through income and consumption.
- ethiopia | Agriculture Climate change Adaptation to climate change in Ethiopia : The potential role of sustainable land management practices This research project will contribute to sustainability and poverty reduction agenda as SLM practices can enable farmers to become resilient to climate change by improving ecosystem services and functions, increasing agricultural productivity and enhancing food security. Such practices could also help mitigate climate change which is an important added advantage.
- central america | Climate change Migration as an adaptation strategy: analyzing the effects of extreme weather events on local migration in Guatemala The project estimate to what extent migration movements within a country are explained by occurrence of extreme weather events in Guatemala.
- central america | Climate change Household adaptation to seasonal drought in rural drinking water systems Project contribute to reducing vulnerability to climate change and to help promoting the development of adaptation strategies that guarantee the human right to water for poor villagers in rural areas.
- ethiopia | Climate change Forestry Community Controlled Forests, Carbon Sequestration and REDD+ Some Evidence from Ethiopia REDD+ (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation, “plus” afforestration) is a tool that supports forest carbon-enhancing approaches in the developing world in order to mitigate and hopefully reverse climate change. A key issue within REDD+ is to appropriately bring in the almost 25% of developing country forests that are effectively controlled by communities. Beyene, Abebe, Randall Bluffstone, and Alemu Mekonnen, 2013, "Community Controlled Forests, Carbon Sequestration and REDD+: Some Evidence from Ethiopia", Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series March 2013, EfD DP 13-07.
- tanzania | Climate change Policy design Implementing REDD through Community-Based Forest Management Lessons from Tanzania REDD (Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation) aims to slow carbon releases caused by forest disturbance by making payments conditional on forest quality over time. Like earlier policies to slow deforestation, REDD must change the behaviour of forest degraders. Robinson, Elizabeth, H.J. Albers, Charles Meshack, and Razack Lokina, 2013, "Implementing REDD through Community-Based Forest Management: Lessons from Tanzania", Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series March 2013, EfD DP 13-06.
- ethiopia | Climate change Policy design Water Resources Planning under Climate Change A “Real Options” Application to Investment Planning in the Blue Nile This article develops a “real options” approach for planning new water resources infrastructure investments and their operating strategies in a world of climate change uncertainty. The approach is illustrated with an example: investments in large new multipurpose dam alternatives along the Blue Nile in Ethiopia. Jeuland, Marc and Dale Whittington, 2013, "Water Resources Planning under Climate Change: A “Real Options” Application to Investment Planning in the Blue Nile", Environment for Development Discussion Paper Series March 2013, EfD DP 13-05.
- ethiopia | Agriculture Climate change Policy design EfD researcher interviewed by EurActiv “Gender plays a key role for sustainable farming in Africa,” says EfD Ethiopia researcher Hailemariam Teklewold in an interview with EurActiv, a news service for news on EU policies. EurActiv receives funding from the European Commission and sponsoring from large corporate sponsors.
- tanzania | Agriculture Climate change Fisheries Policy design Poor fishermen and farmers lack benefits from government sustainable growth investments A child was killed by bees, and the fish did not survive. These were two sad outcomes of the investments in beehives and fishponds as alternative income sources for fishermen in marine protected areas in Tanzania. Field observations by EfD researchers were reported directly to policy makers at an experts’ policy meeting in 2012. An EfD review of how the country´s most important policy documents are addressing sustainable growth and poverty reduction will be presented at the dissemination workshop scheduled for January, 2013.
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