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- eeu sweden | Behavior ec. Climate change Policy design Climate negotiations under scientific uncertainty How does uncertainty about “dangerous” climate change affect the prospects for international cooperation? Climate negotiations usually are depicted as a prisoners’ dilemma game; collectively, countries are better off reducing their emissions, but self-interest impels them to keep on emitting. We provide experimental evidence, grounded in an analytical framework, showing that the fear of crossing a dangerous threshold can turn climate negotiations into a coordination game, making collective action to avoid a dangerous threshold virtually assured. Barrett, Scott and Astrid Dannenberg "Climate negotiations under scientific uncertainty", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, October 8, 2012, Published online before print, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208417109
- tanzania | Forestry Towards transferable functions for extraction of Non-timber Forest Products: A case study on charcoal production in Tanzania Mapping the distribution of the quantity and value of forest benefits to local communities is useful for forest management, when socio-economic and conservation objectives may need to be traded off. Schaafsma, M., S. Morse-Jones a, P. Posen , R.D. Swetnam , A. Balmford, I.J. Bateman, N.D. Burgess S.A.O. Chamshama, B. Fisher ,R.E. Green, A.S. Hepelwa, A. Hernández-Sirvent, G.C. Kajembe,K. Kulindwa , J.F. Lund, L. Mbwambo,H. Meilby, Y.M. Ngaga, I. Theilade, T. Treue, V.G. Vyamana, R.K. Turner , 2012, “Towards transferable functions for extraction of Non-timber Forest Products: A case study on charcoal production in Tanzania” Ecological Economics, ECOLEC-04246
- central america eeu sweden | Policy design Conditional Cash Transfers and Payments for Environmental Services-A Conceptual Framework for Explaining and Judging Differences in Outcomes We develop a conceptual framework elucidating the main determinants of the impact of Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) and Payments for Environmental Services (PES) programs. Persson,Martin and Francisco Alpizar.2012."Conditional Cash Transfers and Payments for Environmental Services—-A Conceptual Framework for Explaining and Judging Differences in Outcomes." World Development Vol. xx, No. x, pp. xxx–xxx.
- central america | Climate change Parks & Wildlife Policy design Protecting forests, biodiversity, and the climate: predicting policy impact to improve policy choice We argue for integrating the consideration of location in policy planning in three ways, in order to help to predict policy impacts on deforestation and, thereby, improve policy choices. Pfaff, Alexander and Robalino, Juan. 2012. Protecting forests, biodiversity, and the climate: predicting policy impact to improve policy choice. Oxford Review of Economic Policy 28: 164-179.
- Policy design Regulation of a Spatial Externality: Refuges versus Tax for managing pest Resistance. We examine regulations for managing pest resistance to pesticide varieties in a temporally and spatially explicit framework. We compare the performance of the EPA’s mandatory refuges and a tax (or subsidy) on the pesticide variety under several biological assumptions on pest mobility and the heterogeneity of farmers’ pest vulnerability. Ambec,Stefan,and Marion Desquilbet,2012,"Regulation of a Spatial Externality: Refuges versus Tax for Managing Pest Resistance", Environ Resource Econ,51:79–104.
- Fisheries The distributional impact of common-pool resource regulations Regulating common-pool resources is welfare enhancing for society but not necessarily for all users who therefore may oppose regulations. We examine the short-term impact of common-pool resource regulations on welfare distribution. Ambec,Stefan and Carune Sebi, (2012)," The distributional impact of common-pool resource regulations", Indian Growth and Development Review, 4(2): 123-141.
- tanzania | Forestry Samuelson and 21st Century Tropical Forest Economics In this paper, a commentary on Samuelson’s 1976 classic, “The Economics of Forestry in an Evolving Society”, Robinson and Albers address the relevance of Samuelson’s paper to tropical forests. Samuelson’s paper focuses on rich country settings where market and governance institutions function well and where forests are managed for timber through rotations. Robinson, Elizabeth J. Z., Heidi J. Albers, 2012, “Samuelson and 21st Century Tropical Forest Economics” Journal of Natural Resources Policy Research Vol. 4, Iss. 3
- tanzania | Forestry A Review of the Spatial Economics of Non‐timber Forest Product Extraction: Implications for Policy Patterns of forest cover and forest degradation determine the size and types of ecosystem services forests provide. Particularly in low-income countries, nontimber forest product (NTFP) extraction by rural people, which provides important resources and income to the rural poor, contributes to the level and pattern of forest degradation. Albers, Heidi J. and Elizabeth JZ Robinson, 2012, “A Review of the Spatial Economics of Non‐timber Forest Product Extraction: Implications for Policy”, Ecological Economics, dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.01.021
- kenya | Forestry Parks & Wildlife Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas The rapid disruption of tropical forests probably imperils global biodiversity more than any other contemporary phenomenon. With deforestation advancing quickly, protected areas are increasingly becoming final refuges for threatened species and natural ecosystem processes. Paul Guthiga, et al, 2012, “Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas”, Nature, 13 September 2012, doi:10.1038/nature11318
- rff usa | Forestry Global economic potential for reducing carbon dioxide Mangroves are among themost threatened and rapidly disappearing natural environments worldwide. In addition to supporting a wide range of other ecological and economic functions, mangroves store considerable carbon. Here, we consider the global economic potential for protecting mangroves based exclusively on their carbon. Siikamäki, Juha, James N. Sanchirico, and Sunny L. Jardine (2012) "Global economic potential for reducing carbon dioxide emissions from mangrove loss", PNAS, published ahead of print July 30, 2012, doi:10.1073/pnas.1200519109