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2018-11-27 | Peer Reviewed

Gender Differences in Willingness to Compete: The Role of Culture and Institutions

Booth, A. , Fan, E. , Meng, X. and Zhang, D. (2018), Gender Differences in Willingness to Compete: The Role of Culture and Institutions. Econ J.
Download reference Doi:10.1111/ecoj.12583

Our Beijing‐based laboratory experiment investigated gender differences in competitive choices across different birth‐cohorts experiencing – during their crucial developmental‐age – different institutions and social norms. To control for general time trends, we use Taipei counterpart subjects with identical original Confucian traditions. Our findings confirm that exposure to different institutions/norms during crucial developmental‐ages significantly changes individuals’ behaviour. In particular, Beijing females growing up during the communist regime are more competitively inclined than their male counterparts; their female counterparts growing up during the market regime; and Taipei females. For Taipei, there are no statistically significant cohort or gender differences in willingness to compete.