Jörg has been studying the economics of energy poverty for several years and has extensively worked on the impacts and adoption of improved cookstoves and electricity access.
Subhrendu K. Pattanayak is a Professor of Public Policy, Environmental Economics and Global Health at Duke University.
Erin is a professor of forest economics and coordinator of international programs in the Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources at North Carolina State University, and a research associ
Remidius Denis Ruhinduka is a EfD research fellow and a lecturer at the department of Economics, University of Dar es Salaam. His research work focuses on various aspects of development economics with special focus on the adoption and impact of Environmental friendly technology in developing countries. With special interest on behavioral and experimental economics,
Mary Karumba is a PhD student at the School of Economics, University of Cape Town. Her major interest is economics of renewable energy.
Eswaran Somanathan is a professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi.
Tensay Hadush is a Research Fellow at the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) based at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI).
Carlos Chávez is a Professor (Profesor Titular) in the Facultad de Economía y Negocios at Universidad de Talca, Chile.
Sied Hassen is post-doctoral researcher at Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC), the Ethiopian Development Research Institute from September 1, 2015.
Zenebe Gebreegziabher is a Research Fellow at the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI).
Abebe Damte is a research fellow at the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) based at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI).
Yonas Alem is currently a research fellow at the Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, where he received his PhD in Economics.
Marcela Jaime is an assistant professor in the School of Management and Business (Escuela de Administración y Negocios (EAN)) at the University of Concepcion. She obta
Ping Qin is Deputy Director of EEPC.
John M. Mutua is currently working with the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) of Kenya as a Senior Manager, Economic Regulation.
Randall Bluffstone is Professor of economics at Portland State University.
Alemu Mekonnen is an Associate Professor of economics at the School of Economics of Addis Ababa University.
Maria A. Naranjo is Research Fellow for the Environment and Development Center for Central America. She is currently finishing her PhD.
Gunnar Köhlin is an associate professor at the Environmental Economics Unit, Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg. As co-founder of the EEU he has now spent 20 years working with applications of environmental economics in developing countries. He is currently director of the Environment for Development initiative.
Studying fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of preferences, income, prices, and the availability of energy sources and technology
Air pollution in urban areas is one of the major environmental problems in Chile. In particular, an important number of cities in central and southern Chile exhibit high levels of respirable suspended particulate matter, which are mainly due to emissions from household’s burning of wood for heating and cooking.
Energy has been called the “golden thread” connecting economic growth, social equity, and environmental sustainability—but what do we know about the drivers and impacts of energy transitions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)? To answer this question, the Sustainable Energy Tr
Policymakers promote both large-scale grid expansion and small-scale off-grid renewables alike as a methods of attaining electrification in developing countries. Yet the electricity services provided by these sources often differ; the grid provides unreliable electricity services, whereas off-grid sources provide reliable albeit low quantities of service.
Household biogas systems are a renewable energy technology with the potential to provide sustainable development benefits by reducing pressure on forest stocks and by shifting household time budgets towards higher value activities or long-term investments in human capital.
We have conducted pilot experiments that aim to incentivize use of clean stoves in 4 rural Cambodian villages to better 1) understand their potential for inducing behavior change; 2) assess their feasibility; and 3) discern whether larger-scale testing in a future experimental study is warranted.
How do People in Rural India Perceive Improved Stoves and Clean Fuel? Evidence from Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
Improved cook stoves (ICS) have been widely touted for their potential to deliver the triple benefits of improved household health and time savings, reduced deforestation and local environmental degradation, and reduced emissions of black carbon, a significant short-term contributor to global climate change.
The P3 project was launched in 2015 through a collaboration among Colorado University, the NHRC, and North Carolina State University. The central aim of the P3 project is to study factors influencing adoption of improved cookstoves in Northern Ghana. Specifically, we look at how economic incentives, social learning, and subjective beliefs interact to influence technology adoption dynamics.
The impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the adoption of renewable energy sources in rural Ethiopia
Renewable energy sources such as solar are alternative clean lighting sources for many rural households in developing countries. However, transition to these lighting sources is slow and policymakers are faced with the need to design and implement cost-effective policy instruments to promote the uptake and usage of such renewable energy sources. Non-pecuniary (e.g.
This project evaluates the effect of the intensity of fuelwood use on the prevalence of cardio-respiratory diseases in Chile.
Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology
This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.
Variability and Uncertainty in Residential Wood Consumption due to Socio-economic factors, infrastructure, and environmental variables
This project seeks to explore the determinant factors of household wood consumption in urban areas of central-southern Chile. We explore the characteristics of dwellings, quality of combustion equipment, meteorological variables, along with other potential determinants of households’ consumption decision.
The aim of this project is to understand the characteristics and the driving factors of Chinese residential energy consumption. The data are collected by annual surveys from 2014 through 2016. The information covered includes: household characteristics, types of household energy, household energy use and expenditure.
As the largest coal consumer in the world, China is bothered by severe air pollutants emitted from coal combustion. Along with the regulation of industrial emission, emission from household coal use outstands in the contribution to air pollution. Policies addressing household coal use are issued, but their effects on coal use and social welfare are not clear yet.
The impact of rural electrification on non-agricultural enterprises creation: Evidence from rural Ethiopia
There is increasing evidence and widespread agreement that access to energy sources is a prerequisite for economic growth, development of local industrialization, agricultural up scaling and improving the welfare of the poor.
Existing studies show that households’ consumption of goods and services is one of the major contributors of emission of greenhouse gases and other environment related problems. Thus, changing the consumption behavior of households can largely contribute to reduce environmental problems.
Does purchase price matter on the use of energy efficient technologies: Experimental Evidence from rural Ethiopia?
There is no general consensus among policy makers, development practitioners and academicians on how to disseminate good/items if the markets fail to generate a substantial penetration of the product (Bensch and Peters, 2012). One example which this paper has focused on is clean and energy efficient technologies such as the improved cookstoves.
Impacts of Pico-photovoltaic Systems Usage on the Energy Poor – A Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Rwanda
In recent years, costs of both LED lighting diodes and photovoltaic (PV) systems have decreased substantially. In widely non-electrified rural Africa, this has induced a silent revolution, the market based dissemination of dry-cell battery or solar driven small LED lanterns in rural areas.
The Rwandan Electricity Access Roll-Out Program (EARP) is one of the most ambitious electrification interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa endowed with a budget of USD 377 million.
This research is part of the project "Bioenergy, Bioeconomy and Food Security", funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), "Research and policy advise on energy, food, water and land". The aim of the framework project is the evidence-based support of policy strategies for technological and institutional innovations of decentralized energy options
The United Nations Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative has the ambition to reach universal energy access until 2030 by providing sustainable energy access to all those 1.3 billion people in the developing world who still lack access.
Increasing the effectiveness of improved and clean cook stove interventions in rural Senegal using experimental and quasi-experimental methods
Three billion people worldwide use solid fuels and inefficient stoves to meet their daily heating and cooking needs. The resulting household air pollution causes over four million deaths annually, and the drudgery of solid fuel collection and preparation restricts opportunities for education and employment.
The astounding scope of the global energy poverty challenge has motivated many organizations to
Electrification, especially rural electrification (RE), is a core component of the Sustainable Development Goals and a major focal point of the global development community. Despite this focus, more than one billion people worldwide do not have access to electricity, and electrification growth rates are not keeping pace with population growth. In this paper, we posit that lack of progress is partly driven by a misalignment between academic research and energy planners’ and policy makers’ needs.
The investment requirements to achieve the United Nations’ universal electricity access goal by 2030 are estimated at 640 billion USD. The assumption underlying this goal is that electrification contributes to poverty alleviation in many regards. In recent years, a body of literature has emerged that widely confirms this positive poverty impact assumption. Most of these studies, however, are based on data from Asia and Latin America. This paper challenges the transferability of impact findings in the literature to the African context.
How do People in Rural India Perceive Improved Stoves and Clean Fuel? Evidence from Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
Improved cook stoves (ICS) have been widely touted for their potential to deliver the triple benefits of improved household health and time savings, reduced deforestation and local environmental degradation, and reduced emissions of black carbon, a significant short-term contributor to global climate change. Yet diffusion of ICS technologies among potential users in many low-income settings, including India, remains slow, despite decades of promotion.
Explaining environmental health behaviors: Evidence from rural India on the influence of discount rates
The authors examine whether high personal discount rates help explain why and which households in developing countries under-invest in seemingly low-cost options to avert environmental health threats, including bednets, clean cooking fuels, individual household latrines, water treatment and handwashing. First, the authors elicit personal discount rates by combining a simple randomized experiment with detailed surveys of over 10,000 rural households in Maharashtra, India. Personal discount rates are lower for women, for better-off households, and for households who can access formal credit.
More than 3 billion people use wood fuels for their daily cooking needs, with detrimental health implications related to smoke emissions. Best practice global initiatives emphasize the dissemination of clean cooking stoves, but these are often expensive and suffer from interrupted supply chains that do not reach rural areas. This emphasis neglects that many households in the developing world cook outdoors. Our calculations suggest that for such households, the use of less expensive biomass cooking stoves can substantially reduce smoke exposure.
Can economic incentives enhance adoption and use of a household energy technology? Evidence from a pilot study in Cambodia
While much work has examined approaches to increase uptake of a variety of household environmental, health and energy technologies, researchers and policymakers alike have struggled to ensure long-term use. Drawing on a pilot-scale experiment conducted in rural Cambodia, this study evaluates whether economic incentives enhance continued use of—and fuel savings from—improved cookstoves (ICS).
Fuel choices and fuelwood use for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of prices, income, and the availability of energy sources and technology
This paper analyzes empirically the determinants of fuel choices and intensity of fuelwood use for residential heating and cooking in central-southern Chile.