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Sustainable Energy Transitions

  • Research Associate

Peters, Jörg

Jörg has been studying the economics of energy poverty for several years and has extensively worked on the impacts and adoption of improved cookstoves and electricity access.

  • International Research Associate

Pattanayak, Subhrendu K.

Subhrendu K. Pattanayak is a Professor of Public Policy, Environmental Economics and Global Health at Duke University.

  • International Research Associate

Sills, Erin

Erin is a professor of forest economics and coordinator of international programs in the Department of Forestry and Environmental Resources at North Carolina State University, and a research associ

  • Research Fellow

Ruhinduka, Remidius

Remidius Denis Ruhinduka is a EfD research fellow and a lecturer at the department of Economics, University of Dar es Salaam. His research work focuses on various aspects of development economics with special focus on the adoption and impact of Environmental friendly technology in developing countries.  With special interest on behavioral and experimental economics,

  • Junior Research Fellow

Karumba, Mary

Mary Karumba is a PhD student at the School of Economics, University of Cape Town. Her major interest is economics of renewable energy.

  • Research Associate

Somanathan, Eswaran

Eswaran Somanathan is a professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi.

  • Research Fellow

Meles, Tensay H.

Tensay Hadush is a Research Fellow at the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) based at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI).

  • Senior Research Fellow

Chávez Rebolledo, Carlos

Carlos Chávez is a Professor (Profesor Titular) in the Facultad de Economía y Negocios at Universidad de Talca, Chile.

  • Research Fellow

Hassen, Sied

Sied Hassen is post-doctoral researcher at Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC), the Ethiopian Development Research Institute from September 1, 2015.

  • Research Fellow

Gebreegziabher, Zenebe

Zenebe Gebreegziabher is a Research Fellow at the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI).

  • Research Fellow

Damte Beyene, Abebe

Abebe Damte is a research fellow at the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) based at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI).

  • Senior Research Fellow and EfD Research Director

Alem, Yonas

Yonas Alem is currently a research fellow at the Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, where he received his PhD in Economics.

  • Deputy Center Director and Senior Research Fellow

Jaime Torres, Marcela

Marcela Jaime is an assistant professor in the School of Management and Business (Escuela de Administración y Negocios (EAN)) at the University of Concepcion. She obta

  • Center Deputy Director & Senior Research fellow

Qin, Ping

Ping Qin is Deputy Director of EEPC.

  • Research Associate

Mutua, John

John M. Mutua is currently working with the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC) of Kenya as a Senior Manager, Economic Regulation.

  • Research Associate

Bluffstone, Randall

Randall Bluffstone is Professor of economics at Portland State University.

  • Senior Research Fellow

Mekonnen, Alemu

Alemu Mekonnen is an Associate Professor of economics at the School of Economics of Addis Ababa University.

  • International Research Associate

Naranjo, Maria Angelica

Maria A. Naranjo is Research Fellow for the Environment and Development Center for Central America. She is currently finishing her PhD.

  • EfD Director and Senior Research Fellow

Köhlin, Gunnar

Gunnar Köhlin is an associate professor at the Environmental Economics Unit, Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg. As co-founder of the EEU he has now spent 20 years working with applications of environmental economics in developing countries. He is currently director of the Environment for Development initiative.


Studying fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of preferences, income, prices, and the availability of energy sources and technology

Air pollution in urban areas is one of the major environmental problems in Chile. In particular, an important number of cities in central and southern Chile exhibit high levels of respirable suspended particulate matter, which are mainly due to emissions from household’s burning of wood for heating and cooking.


    Energy and Development: A Systematic Review

    Energy has been called the “golden thread” connecting economic growth, social equity, and environmental sustainability—but what do we know about the drivers and impacts of energy transitions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)? To answer this question, the Sustainable Energy Tr


      Off-grid in Nepal: Heterogeneity in Electricity Services and Enterprise Development

      Policymakers promote both large-scale grid expansion and small-scale off-grid renewables alike as a methods of attaining electrification in developing countries. Yet the electricity services provided by these sources often differ; the grid provides unreliable electricity services, whereas off-grid sources provide reliable albeit low quantities of service.


        Waste Not: Can Biogas Deliver Sustainable Development?

        Household biogas systems are a renewable energy technology with the potential to provide sustainable development benefits by reducing pressure on forest stocks and by shifting household time budgets towards higher value activities or long-term investments in human capital.


          Incentives for increased use of clean cookstoves (Cambodia)

          We have conducted pilot experiments that aim to incentivize use of clean stoves in 4 rural Cambodian villages to better 1) understand their potential for inducing behavior change; 2) assess their feasibility; and 3) discern whether larger-scale testing in a future experimental study is warranted.


            Prices, Peers, and Perceptions (P3)

            The P3 project was launched in 2015 through a collaboration among Colorado University, the NHRC, and North Carolina State University. The central aim of the P3 project is to study factors influencing adoption of improved cookstoves in Northern Ghana. Specifically, we look at how economic incentives, social learning, and subjective beliefs interact to influence technology adoption dynamics.


              The impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the adoption of renewable energy sources in rural Ethiopia

              Renewable energy sources such as solar are alternative clean lighting sources for many rural households in developing countries. However, transition to these lighting sources is slow and policymakers are faced with the need to design and implement cost-effective policy instruments to promote the uptake and usage of such renewable energy sources. Non-pecuniary (e.g.


              Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology

              This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.


              Chinese Residential Energy Consumption Survey (CRECS)

              The aim of this project is to understand the characteristics and the driving factors of Chinese residential energy consumption. The data are collected by annual surveys from 2014 through 2016.  The information covered includes: household characteristics, types of household energy, household energy use and expenditure.


              Shifting Households in China from Black Energy to Greener Energy

              As the largest coal consumer in the world, China is bothered by severe air pollutants emitted from coal combustion. Along with the regulation of industrial emission, emission from household coal use outstands in the contribution to air pollution. Policies addressing household coal use are issued, but their effects on coal use and social welfare are not clear yet.


                One-off Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption – A Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Senegal

                This research is part of the project "Bioenergy, Bioeconomy and Food Security", funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), "Research and policy advise on energy, food, water and land". The aim of the framework project is the evidence-based support of policy strategies for technological and institutional innovations of decentralized energy options


                  Evaluating Rural Electrification: Illustrating Research Gaps with the Case of Bhutan

                  Electrification, especially rural electrification (RE), is a core component of the Sustainable Development Goals and a major focal point of the global development community. Despite this focus, more than one billion people worldwide do not have access to electricity, and electrification growth rates are not keeping pace with population growth. In this paper, we posit that lack of progress is partly driven by a misalignment between academic research and energy planners’ and policy makers’ needs.


                    Impacts of rural electrification revisited – the African context

                    The investment requirements to achieve the United Nations’ universal electricity access goal by 2030 are estimated at 640 billion USD. The assumption underlying this goal is that electrification contributes to poverty alleviation in many regards. In recent years, a body of literature has emerged that widely confirms this positive poverty impact assumption. Most of these studies, however, are based on data from Asia and Latin America. This paper challenges the transferability of impact findings in the literature to the African context.


                      How do People in Rural India Perceive Improved Stoves and Clean Fuel? Evidence from Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand

                      Improved cook stoves (ICS) have been widely touted for their potential to deliver the triple benefits of improved household health and time savings, reduced deforestation and local environmental degradation, and reduced emissions of black carbon, a significant short-term contributor to global climate change. Yet diffusion of ICS technologies among potential users in many low-income settings, including India, remains slow, despite decades of promotion.


                        Explaining environmental health behaviors: Evidence from rural India on the influence of discount rates

                        The authors examine whether high personal discount rates help explain why and which households in developing countries under-invest in seemingly low-cost options to avert environmental health threats, including bednets, clean cooking fuels, individual household latrines, water treatment and handwashing. First, the authors elicit personal discount rates by combining a simple randomized experiment with detailed surveys of over 10,000 rural households in Maharashtra, India. Personal discount rates are lower for women, for better-off households, and for households who can access formal credit.


                          Outdoor Cooking Prevalence in Developing Countries and its Implication for Clean Cooking Policies.

                          More than 3 billion people use wood fuels for their daily cooking needs, with detrimental health implications related to smoke emissions. Best practice global initiatives emphasize the dissemination of clean cooking stoves, but these are often expensive and suffer from interrupted supply chains that do not reach rural areas. This emphasis neglects that many households in the developing world cook outdoors. Our calculations suggest that for such households, the use of less expensive biomass cooking stoves can substantially reduce smoke exposure.


                            Can economic incentives enhance adoption and use of a household energy technology? Evidence from a pilot study in Cambodia

                            While much work has examined approaches to increase uptake of a variety of household environmental, health and energy technologies, researchers and policymakers alike have struggled to ensure long-term use. Drawing on a pilot-scale experiment conducted in rural Cambodia, this study evaluates whether economic incentives enhance continued use of—and fuel savings from—improved cookstoves (ICS).