By 2020, ten percent of coastal and marine areas have been agreed to be allocated to “Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)” by signatories of the Rio Convention. However, the progress in achieving the goal has been varying at different countries with for instance the Republic of South Africa almost reaching the target. One major challenge in converting coastal areas to “Protected Areas” is the impact on livelihood of coastal communities in the form of lost or modified access to fishing grounds. It is therefore important to understand how small-scale fishermen respond to the policy. The main aim of this collaborative program is to investigate the potential impact of MPAs on the livelihoods of poor coastal communities and come up with viable policy advises to policy makers. The program involves researchers from EfD centers in Costa Rica, South Africa and Tanzania.
Theme leader: Jo Albers