This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source. We then analyze to which extent the use of fuels relates to fuelwood use, and study intensity of fuel use as the availability of fuelwood varies. By using a unique dataset including a sample of 2,761 households in nine urban areas in central-southern Chile, we estimate multinomial logit models and multinomial logit models with sample selection to take account of the choices of fuelwood users. Moreover, we estimate both ordered and count models in order to analyze intensity of use and households’ energy profiles. The knowledge of these factors brings an opportunity for the design of future policy interventions aimed at incentivizing the adoption of cleaner devices.