The aim of this project is to understand the characteristics and the driving factors of Chinese residential energy consumption. The data are collected by annual surveys from 2014 through 2016. The information covered includes: household characteristics, types of household energy, household energy use and expenditure. The feature of the surveys is to collect very detailed information on household energy use behaviors. Household energy use is then calculated based on the information on behavior. In this way, the recall error is moderated.