ECRC has partnered with the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) for a new research project to investigate social and environmental trade-offs in Agriculture.
Characterization of energy use in Central America: households choices and opportunities to promote energy transition initiatives in low and middle-income countries
While developed countries are increasing their reliance on renewable energy sources, low and middle-income countries maintain their energy matrix on conventional fuels and natural resources, increasing their energy dependency and unsustainable use of natural resources to respond to a growing population and emerging economy.
Determination of potential benefits from seaweed subsidy law in the aquaculture sector from Biobío and Los Lagos Regions
FIPA N° 2016-57 Benefit of the implementation of the Seaweed Subsidy Law
Determinants of Climate Adaptation and the Role of Information Provision in Overcoming Barriers to Adaptation
The project aims to better understand behavioral determinants and other factors impacting climate change adaptation and technology uptake by households in Eastern and Southern Africa. The results will help in designing relevant policies for successful adaptation, thus alleviating poverty and stabilizing incomes in the face of increasing threats from climate change effects.
The goal of this project is to generate evidence on households' willingness to pay (WTP) for improved air quality in urban Asia. This evidence is both critically important and timely because numerous cities in Asia now have alarming levels of air pollution.
Impacts on water consumption and welfare effects from appliances selection & pricing policies under an increasing block pricing structure in the residential sector
This study analyzes residential water demand by modeling both the effects of water prices and appliance portfolios selection on households’ water demands and welfare in the cities of San Jose and Addis Ababa. The results will be relevant inputs for the design of demand side water management policies.
Through the implementation of a Choice Experiment (CE), this project estimates the social costs arising from urban developments in the Easter Hills of Bogotá, including landscape degradation and losses in recreational services, among others, and compares this economic value with compensation payments calculated by the local environmental authority.
This project has the objective to assess whether the collective titling of Afro-descendant communities in the Columbian Pacific has a positive effect on forest conservation. For this study, rural district panel data of recipients and non-recipients of land titles will be compared, using forest cover data from 1990 to 2010.
This project will investigate the impact of mangrove forest on shrimps farming and on the risk of shrimp farming, and how changes in mangrove cover affects shrimp harvests. Besides, the project aims to find out how market conditions, community and household characteristics affect the conversion of mangrove into water surface for shrimp farming.
In this project, we will determine whether and how decentralized management of irrigation systems in India may help achieve efficient extraction and distribution of water in agriculture.
This project aims to identify the causal impacts of electric induction stoves on levels of particulate matter and other outcomes in rural India.
Could provision of a micro credit induce electricity uptake? Evidence from a randomized controlled trial in rural Tanzania
Against the background of low connection rates and low electricity consumption in recently electrified villages, the purpose of this project is to improve the understanding why people connect and invest in electric appliances and why they do not.
Water insecurity and quality is a major challenge in Tanzania. In this project, we concentrate on the supply by examining the potential for using low-cost behavioural interventions to improve water supply management.
An examination of factors affecting the likelihood of cooperation in Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE projects using framed field experiments
This research project has the objective to compare the effect of three different approaches on communities’ cooperation behaviour in order to reduce illegal harvesting of wildlife resources.
The objectives of this research project are to analyse the effects of socioeconomic and institutional factors on land use change in Ethiopia and to assess and understand whether climate change has any role in the land use and land over changes in the country. The outcome of this research project is to reduce deforestation by improving land use planning in Ethiopia.
Farmers’ Preferences for Post-Harvest Grazing Access on Private Agricultural Lands in the Mixed Farming System of Ethiopia
This project will explore farmers’ perceptions for open access grazing on private agricultural lands and their preferences for complementary policy incentives used as incentives to increase fodder productivity and subsequently adopt conservation agriculture.
This project will provide a systematic assessment over the impacts of the Three North Shelterbelt Program (TNSP) on the economic development in northern China. We will be doing so by examining differentiated impacts of the program elements, such as forest types and project implementation schemes, on i.e.
The aim of this project is to integrate environmental, economic and equity considerations into decision making around livestock intensification. To achieve this, we take an innovative step forward in the use of analytical tools for the management of environmental and livelihood change in developing country contexts.
This project estimates indirect employment generated by the Chilean fishery sector at national and regional level.
The Impact of the System of Rice Intensification on Small-holder Farmers’ Welfare: Does Partial Adoption Matter?
This study will assess the determinants of partial adoption dynamics and its impact implications on yield and farm profit among rice farmers in Morogoro region of Tanzania using a unique panel data. We will build on the previously collected data set from the same farmers to gather additional information on the adoption choices and dynamics, but also build up a panel data set for a relatively cleaner identification strategy of the impact of System of Rice Intensification (SRI).
Short- and long-term effects of exogenously reducing water collection times on school attendance, hours studying and time use: Meru County, Kenya
This research project aims to increase the evidence base for socioeconomic impacts of bringing water points closer to homes and reducing water collection times. This reduction is an important form of "time poverty" alleviation. If the the hypothesis is correct, the research results will be timely to policy makers and the broader water supply sector as water quality and treatment of waterborne diseases will improve.
In this project, we investigate the effect of urban rail transit expansions in Chinese cities on air quality. We also compare the magnitude of effects across cities and identify the factors behind the potentially heterogeneous effects. By identifying these factors, this project is expected to help policy makers predict the effects of potential new rail systems or expansions on air pollution.
How resilient are social ecological systems in the face of climate change? Evidence from rural drinking water in Central America
The project will provide a multi-country comparative analysis of Community-based Water Organiszation (CWOs) and their determinants of adaptive capacity and performance based on rich empirical data (i.e. 3 developing countries, 160 CWO and 7,000 households).
Recent literature on constraints to adoption of clean cookstoves points out liquidity and access to credit as the key factors explaining the low adoption rate of modern cooking appli-ances in developing countries .
Charcoal Consumption and Willingness to Adopt LPG stoves: Evidence from a Baseline Survey in Urban Tanzania
Use of biomass fuels such as charcoal has been documented to be a prime cause of deforestation and environmental degradation in developing countries. Yet there are low rates of adoption to more environmental friendly cookstoves.
The goal of this project is to link frameworks of community or group resource management rules and of individual incentives for resource conservation in response to policy to inform and improve the success of REDD implementation in Tanzania. The project’s direct connection to Tanzania’s policy process through collaboration with TFCG will expand the role of environmental economics capacity within that policy process and promote effective policies to address climate change through REDD.
Wildlife Corridors and Communities in the East and West Usambara Mountains: Toward Integrating Social and Biological Information in Conservation Policy and Priorities
The higher order goal of this project is to identify biodiversity conservation strategies on land surrounding protected forest fragments to determine the least cost approach improving conservation outcomes in the Usambara Mountains of Tanzania.
The Role of the Greater Addo Elephant National Park in the Regional Economy of the Eastern Cape, Relating Specifically to the Surrounding Communities
The objective of the project is to assess the economic ramifications of conservation activities in the Greater Addo region.
Developing a system for sustainable resource use by the Khomani San in Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park and environs: Valuing sustainable resource use
Research is required to determine the value of sustainable resource use, and its associated cultural and spiritual values to the Khomani San, linked to a reconnection with the land, and relative to the Khomani San’s broader socio-economic livelihood strategies.
Economic value of the Okawango Delta, Botswana, and implications for management of water and wildlife
The valuation study has been completed but is in a technical form which is not easily accessible to policy makers and academics. The budget of the project did not extend to the further refinement required to publish the work. It is proposed to further refine the study and prepare it for publication in an international journal.
Access to basic services and more generally service delivery are hot topics in the current South African political climate with the lack of services being a common cause of spontaneous public protest and rioting. The table below gives an indication of the extent of the lack of services, by race, in Cape Town – one of the study areas of the project.
The overall research goal is to measure climate change adaptation gains attributable to the adoption of weather-based crop insurance scheme and agriculture research innovations in Malawi and South Africa.
Assessment of dry-lands ecosystem services on Khomani San communal land and the possible implications
Identify and value ecosystem services found on the land belonging to the Khomani San – inside and outside the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Our study aims to estimate the economic value (benefits) of protecting a dryland ecosystem in the park.
The goal of this project is to develop an understanding of the drivers of spatial distribution of fishing pressure around the coast, so as to inform strategies for the recovery and sustainable management of threatened fishery resources.
This project will measure the risk and time attitudes of Western Cape fruit farmers using experimental and econometric techniques. It will assess how these attitudes interact with the adoption of new cultivars, wealth levels and access to capital, and a variety of other socio-economic variables. The results will be used to construct policy advice for a priority area of South African industrial policy.
Understanding the determinants of adaptive behaviour and developing Disaster Risk Insurance for the Informal Sector
Many of Cape Town’s informal settlements are found in the low-lying flood-prone Cape Flats. These informal settlements are flooded annually during the wet, rainy season – resulting in damage to dwellings and property and causing a myriad of health problems as residents are forced to live in wet damp conditions, surrounded by pools of stagnant water.
This project aims to use low-cost and scalable behavioral-economic interventions to facilitate pro-environmental behavioural change. Specifically, the objective is to induce a reduction in electricity consumption of Provincial government employees.
The research programme explores the overall theme of Gender Dimensions of Natural Resource Use, Farming and Food Adequacy: Climate Change Risk, Vulnerability and Adaptation. The broad aim of this research programme is to study how the well-being (in terms of food adequacy) of male and female headed households is influenced by reliance on farming and natural resources. The research will also investigate how climate uncertainty affects male and female headed households’ decisions regarding farming versus natural resources (living from ecosystem services) use. Lastly, the research we propose to do will also focus on vulnerability, adaptation and constraints to adaptation due to climate variability.
This project aims to use low-cost and scalable behavioral-economic interventions to facilitate pro-environmental behavioural change in the Western Cape of South Africa. Specifically, the objective is to induce a reduction in electricity and water consumption across a large sample of residential homes.
The purpose of this study is to estimate the optimal entrance fees that should be charged during peak and off peak periods and derive welfare outcomes of selected policy changes in selected clusters of national parks in South Africa.
The specific objectives of study include, a review of literature on energy demand, choice and distributional effects of energy fuel taxes in Kenya; examine the current demand for energy and determine the key drivers of consumption; evaluate how household make choice in energy consumption; estimate distributional effects of energy fuel taxes in Kenya and lastly provide
Using a blend of qualitative and quantitative approaches, this study aims at determining the perception of households about the level of pollution in the lake and the sources of pollution. It will also use a multi-criteria decision analysis to arrive at optimal solutions to the problem, and a discrete choice model to determine the predictors of investment in environmental conservation by households within the lake catchment to inform policy.