Policymakers promote both large-scale grid expansion and small-scale off-grid renewables alike as a methods of attaining electrification in developing countries. Yet the electricity services provided by these sources often differ; the grid provides unreliable electricity services, whereas off-grid sources provide reliable albeit low quantities of service.
Household biogas systems are a renewable energy technology with the potential to provide sustainable development benefits by reducing pressure on forest stocks and by shifting household time budgets towards higher value activities or long-term investments in human capital.
We have conducted pilot experiments that aim to incentivize use of clean stoves in 4 rural Cambodian villages to better 1) understand their potential for inducing behavior change; 2) assess their feasibility; and 3) discern whether larger-scale testing in a future experimental study is warranted.
How do People in Rural India Perceive Improved Stoves and Clean Fuel? Evidence from Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
Improved cook stoves (ICS) have been widely touted for their potential to deliver the triple benefits of improved household health and time savings, reduced deforestation and local environmental degradation, and reduced emissions of black carbon, a significant short-term contributor to global climate change.
The P3 project was launched in 2015 through a collaboration among Colorado University, the NHRC, and North Carolina State University. The central aim of the P3 project is to study factors influencing adoption of improved cookstoves in Northern Ghana. Specifically, we look at how economic incentives, social learning, and subjective beliefs interact to influence technology adoption dynamics.
The impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the adoption of renewable energy sources in rural Ethiopia
Renewable energy sources such as solar are alternative clean lighting sources for many rural households in developing countries. However, transition to these lighting sources is slow and policymakers are faced with the need to design and implement cost-effective policy instruments to promote the uptake and usage of such renewable energy sources. Non-pecuniary (e.g.
This project evaluates the effect of the intensity of fuelwood use on the prevalence of cardio-respiratory diseases in Chile.
Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology
This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.
Variability and Uncertainty in Residential Wood Consumption due to Socio-economic factors, infrastructure, and environmental variables
This project seeks to explore the determinant factors of household wood consumption in urban areas of central-southern Chile. We explore the characteristics of dwellings, quality of combustion equipment, meteorological variables, along with other potential determinants of households’ consumption decision.
The aim of this project is to understand the characteristics and the driving factors of Chinese residential energy consumption. The data are collected by annual surveys from 2014 through 2016. The information covered includes: household characteristics, types of household energy, household energy use and expenditure.
As the largest coal consumer in the world, China is bothered by severe air pollutants emitted from coal combustion. Along with the regulation of industrial emission, emission from household coal use outstands in the contribution to air pollution. Policies addressing household coal use are issued, but their effects on coal use and social welfare are not clear yet.
The impact of rural electrification on non-agricultural enterprises creation: Evidence from rural Ethiopia
There is increasing evidence and widespread agreement that access to energy sources is a prerequisite for economic growth, development of local industrialization, agricultural up scaling and improving the welfare of the poor.
Existing studies show that households’ consumption of goods and services is one of the major contributors of emission of greenhouse gases and other environment related problems. Thus, changing the consumption behavior of households can largely contribute to reduce environmental problems.
Does purchase price matter on the use of energy efficient technologies: Experimental Evidence from rural Ethiopia?
There is no general consensus among policy makers, development practitioners and academicians on how to disseminate good/items if the markets fail to generate a substantial penetration of the product (Bensch and Peters, 2012). One example which this paper has focused on is clean and energy efficient technologies such as the improved cookstoves.
Impacts of Pico-photovoltaic Systems Usage on the Energy Poor – A Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Rwanda
In recent years, costs of both LED lighting diodes and photovoltaic (PV) systems have decreased substantially. In widely non-electrified rural Africa, this has induced a silent revolution, the market based dissemination of dry-cell battery or solar driven small LED lanterns in rural areas.
The Rwandan Electricity Access Roll-Out Program (EARP) is one of the most ambitious electrification interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa endowed with a budget of USD 377 million.
This research is part of the project "Bioenergy, Bioeconomy and Food Security", funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), "Research and policy advise on energy, food, water and land". The aim of the framework project is the evidence-based support of policy strategies for technological and institutional innovations of decentralized energy options
The United Nations Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative has the ambition to reach universal energy access until 2030 by providing sustainable energy access to all those 1.3 billion people in the developing world who still lack access.
Increasing the effectiveness of improved and clean cook stove interventions in rural Senegal using experimental and quasi-experimental methods
Three billion people worldwide use solid fuels and inefficient stoves to meet their daily heating and cooking needs. The resulting household air pollution causes over four million deaths annually, and the drudgery of solid fuel collection and preparation restricts opportunities for education and employment.
The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, (SIDA) has agreed to support ECRC for the generation of baseline data as an input to the CRGE’s M&E system, and assessing the role of sustainable forest management in the implementation of the CRGE strategy.
ECRC has partnered with the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) for a new research project to investigate social and environmental trade-offs in Agriculture.
Characterization of energy use in Central America: households choices and opportunities to promote energy transition initiatives in low and middle-income countries
While developed countries are increasing their reliance on renewable energy sources, low and middle-income countries maintain their energy matrix on conventional fuels and natural resources, increasing their energy dependency and unsustainable use of natural resources to respond to a growing population and emerging economy.
Determination of potential benefits from seaweed subsidy law in the aquaculture sector from Biobío and Los Lagos Regions
FIPA N° 2016-57 Benefit of the implementation of the Seaweed Subsidy Law
Determinants of Climate Adaptation and the Role of Information Provision in Overcoming Barriers to Adaptation
The project aims to better understand behavioral determinants and other factors impacting climate change adaptation and technology uptake by households in Eastern and Southern Africa. The results will help in designing relevant policies for successful adaptation, thus alleviating poverty and stabilizing incomes in the face of increasing threats from climate change effects.
The goal of this project is to generate evidence on households' willingness to pay (WTP) for improved air quality in urban Asia. This evidence is both critically important and timely because numerous cities in Asia now have alarming levels of air pollution.
Impacts on water consumption and welfare effects from appliances selection & pricing policies under an increasing block pricing structure in the residential sector
This study analyzes residential water demand by modeling both the effects of water prices and appliance portfolios selection on households’ water demands and welfare in the cities of San Jose and Addis Ababa. The results will be relevant inputs for the design of demand side water management policies.
Through the implementation of a Choice Experiment (CE), this project estimates the social costs arising from urban developments in the Easter Hills of Bogotá, including landscape degradation and losses in recreational services, among others, and compares this economic value with compensation payments calculated by the local environmental authority.
This project has the objective to assess whether the collective titling of Afro-descendant communities in the Columbian Pacific has a positive effect on forest conservation. For this study, rural district panel data of recipients and non-recipients of land titles will be compared, using forest cover data from 1990 to 2010.
This project will investigate the impact of mangrove forest on shrimps farming and on the risk of shrimp farming, and how changes in mangrove cover affects shrimp harvests. Besides, the project aims to find out how market conditions, community and household characteristics affect the conversion of mangrove into water surface for shrimp farming.
In this project, we will determine whether and how decentralized management of irrigation systems in India may help achieve efficient extraction and distribution of water in agriculture.
This project aims to identify the causal impacts of electric induction stoves on levels of particulate matter and other outcomes in rural India.
Could provision of a micro credit induce electricity uptake? Evidence from a randomized controlled trial in rural Tanzania
Against the background of low connection rates and low electricity consumption in recently electrified villages, the purpose of this project is to improve the understanding why people connect and invest in electric appliances and why they do not.
Water insecurity and quality is a major challenge in Tanzania. In this project, we concentrate on the supply by examining the potential for using low-cost behavioural interventions to improve water supply management.
An examination of factors affecting the likelihood of cooperation in Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE projects using framed field experiments
This research project has the objective to compare the effect of three different approaches on communities’ cooperation behaviour in order to reduce illegal harvesting of wildlife resources.
The objectives of this research project are to analyse the effects of socioeconomic and institutional factors on land use change in Ethiopia and to assess and understand whether climate change has any role in the land use and land over changes in the country. The outcome of this research project is to reduce deforestation by improving land use planning in Ethiopia.
Farmers’ Preferences for Post-Harvest Grazing Access on Private Agricultural Lands in the Mixed Farming System of Ethiopia
This project will explore farmers’ perceptions for open access grazing on private agricultural lands and their preferences for complementary policy incentives used as incentives to increase fodder productivity and subsequently adopt conservation agriculture.
This project will provide a systematic assessment over the impacts of the Three North Shelterbelt Program (TNSP) on the economic development in northern China. We will be doing so by examining differentiated impacts of the program elements, such as forest types and project implementation schemes, on i.e.
The aim of this project is to integrate environmental, economic and equity considerations into decision making around livestock intensification. To achieve this, we take an innovative step forward in the use of analytical tools for the management of environmental and livelihood change in developing country contexts.
This project estimates indirect employment generated by the Chilean fishery sector at national and regional level.
The Impact of the System of Rice Intensification on Small-holder Farmers’ Welfare: Does Partial Adoption Matter?
This study will assess the determinants of partial adoption dynamics and its impact implications on yield and farm profit among rice farmers in Morogoro region of Tanzania using a unique panel data. We will build on the previously collected data set from the same farmers to gather additional information on the adoption choices and dynamics, but also build up a panel data set for a relatively cleaner identification strategy of the impact of System of Rice Intensification (SRI).
Short- and long-term effects of exogenously reducing water collection times on school attendance, hours studying and time use: Meru County, Kenya
This research project aims to increase the evidence base for socioeconomic impacts of bringing water points closer to homes and reducing water collection times. This reduction is an important form of "time poverty" alleviation. If the the hypothesis is correct, the research results will be timely to policy makers and the broader water supply sector as water quality and treatment of waterborne diseases will improve.
In this project, we investigate the effect of urban rail transit expansions in Chinese cities on air quality. We also compare the magnitude of effects across cities and identify the factors behind the potentially heterogeneous effects. By identifying these factors, this project is expected to help policy makers predict the effects of potential new rail systems or expansions on air pollution.
How resilient are social ecological systems in the face of climate change? Evidence from rural drinking water in Central America
The project will provide a multi-country comparative analysis of Community-based Water Organiszation (CWOs) and their determinants of adaptive capacity and performance based on rich empirical data (i.e. 3 developing countries, 160 CWO and 7,000 households).
Recent literature on constraints to adoption of clean cookstoves points out liquidity and access to credit as the key factors explaining the low adoption rate of modern cooking appli-ances in developing countries .
Charcoal Consumption and Willingness to Adopt LPG stoves: Evidence from a Baseline Survey in Urban Tanzania
Use of biomass fuels such as charcoal has been documented to be a prime cause of deforestation and environmental degradation in developing countries. Yet there are low rates of adoption to more environmental friendly cookstoves.
The goal of this project is to link frameworks of community or group resource management rules and of individual incentives for resource conservation in response to policy to inform and improve the success of REDD implementation in Tanzania. The project’s direct connection to Tanzania’s policy process through collaboration with TFCG will expand the role of environmental economics capacity within that policy process and promote effective policies to address climate change through REDD.
Wildlife Corridors and Communities in the East and West Usambara Mountains: Toward Integrating Social and Biological Information in Conservation Policy and Priorities
The higher order goal of this project is to identify biodiversity conservation strategies on land surrounding protected forest fragments to determine the least cost approach improving conservation outcomes in the Usambara Mountains of Tanzania.
The Role of the Greater Addo Elephant National Park in the Regional Economy of the Eastern Cape, Relating Specifically to the Surrounding Communities
The objective of the project is to assess the economic ramifications of conservation activities in the Greater Addo region.