Energy has been called the “golden thread” connecting economic growth, social equity, and environmental sustainability—but what do we know about the drivers and impacts of energy transitions in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs)? To answer this question, the Sustainable Energy Tr
Economics of domestic water reform in Ho Chi Minh city: water demand, preferences for tariff structure and distributional effects
In this study, we propose to examine the impacts of water tariff increase on the demand for tap water and ground water simultaneously. Results of this study will provide information for the design of water tariff as well as suggest alternative policies in encouraging water conservation behavior. The study is expected to contribute to a more sustainable water governance in HCMC.
Environmental Cost and Economic Incentives of Dumping Wastewater among Vietnamese Seafood Processing Plants
The general objective of this project is to understand costs of pollution abatement faced by Vietnamese seafood processing industry at firm and sectoral level. Research results would provide authorities in developing regulatory and enforcement strategies driving the sector towards cleaner and leaner production.
The proposed study aims to assess the effects of conservation policies in the Ngorongoro’s Conservation Area in Tanzania to predict Maasai responses to future policies.
Female microenterprise creation and business models for private sector distribution of low-cost renewable off-grid LED lighting
The overall goal of this project it to evaluate whether different business models effectively scale up the distribution of affordable renewable lighting to the poorest of the poor in developing country contexts. It also aims to evaluate the impact of empowering females in poor rural villages via participation in renewable energy enterprises and spillover effects on households’ welfare.
The impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the adoption of renewable energy sources in rural Ethiopia
Using randomized field experiment method, this study will investigate the impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the uptake of solar panel for residential lighting in rural Ethiopia.
Household’s energy transition in South Africa: Evidences from regression discontinuity design and multiple discrete-continuous model
The primary goal of this research project is to better understand the consumption patterns of different fuels in South Africa, and to identify the causal role of income in spurring household energy transitions among the poor.
The overall objective of the project is to asses to what extent improve stoves help in reducing poverty, by letting women participate in labor market and promote gender equality. The project will do so by evaluating the impact of improved stoves on women labor force participation.
The Impact of rural electrification on non-agricultural enterprises creation: Evidence from rural Ethiopia
This research has the aim to examine the impact of rural electrification on enterprise creation in Ethiopia. In addition to the impact of rural electrification on business creation, this project will also study the determinants of households living in the grid covered areas non-connection to electricity and their choice for lighting sources.
This project seeks to assess the cost-effectiveness of the recent implementation of the air quality plan to address bad air quality events in Medellin, the second largest city in Colombia. Research results will enhance the discussion around which policies might work and shed light on possible adjustments to the plan or the need for future actions to address critical air quality events.
Identifying livelihoods, food security and sustainability of fisheries managed by local communities on marine protected areas in the Colombian Caribbean
The main goal of this research is to understand how fishing decisions affect livelihoods - including food security, income and consumption smoothing- of local communities living in coastal areas. In order to do that, we propose to develop a household-production model –that includes fishing as an activity related with a common pool resource- combined with a fishery bio-economic model. From that, we expect to arrive to policies that promote simultaneously environmental sustainability and community development.
Triggers and Outcomes to Collective Action in Common-Pool Resources Management: A Devolution Case of Collective Forests in China
This project studies determinants and consequences of collective action in forest management in China. The research focus is how cooperation could be triggered in the devolution process of titling forest management to households.
Small scale aquaculture as a livelihood alternative with marine conservation benefits in coastal communities in Chile
The long-run goal of this proposed project is to inform the Chilean government’s implementation of policies, such as promoting Small Scale Aquaculture (SSA), to reduce pressure on marine resources and to provide income-generating activities to artisanal fishing communities.
The main goal of this project is to test whether protected areas (PAs) reduce the likelihood of climate related disasters such as floods, landslides and storms, in Costa Rica and Honduras. This evaluation study is expected to provide empirical evidence on the role of PAs in providing hydrological services to avoid the occurrence and damages of floods and landslides as a consequence of extreme weather events.
Policymakers promote both large-scale grid expansion and small-scale off-grid renewables alike as a methods of attaining electrification in developing countries. Yet the electricity services provided by these sources often differ; the grid provides unreliable electricity services, whereas off-grid sources provide reliable albeit low quantities of service.
Household biogas systems are a renewable energy technology with the potential to provide sustainable development benefits by reducing pressure on forest stocks and by shifting household time budgets towards higher value activities or long-term investments in human capital.
We have conducted pilot experiments that aim to incentivize use of clean stoves in 4 rural Cambodian villages to better 1) understand their potential for inducing behavior change; 2) assess their feasibility; and 3) discern whether larger-scale testing in a future experimental study is warranted.
How do People in Rural India Perceive Improved Stoves and Clean Fuel? Evidence from Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand
Improved cook stoves (ICS) have been widely touted for their potential to deliver the triple benefits of improved household health and time savings, reduced deforestation and local environmental degradation, and reduced emissions of black carbon, a significant short-term contributor to global climate change.
The P3 project was launched in 2015 through a collaboration among Colorado University, the NHRC, and North Carolina State University. The central aim of the P3 project is to study factors influencing adoption of improved cookstoves in Northern Ghana. Specifically, we look at how economic incentives, social learning, and subjective beliefs interact to influence technology adoption dynamics.
The impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the adoption of renewable energy sources in rural Ethiopia
Renewable energy sources such as solar are alternative clean lighting sources for many rural households in developing countries. However, transition to these lighting sources is slow and policymakers are faced with the need to design and implement cost-effective policy instruments to promote the uptake and usage of such renewable energy sources. Non-pecuniary (e.g.
This project evaluates the effect of the intensity of fuelwood use on the prevalence of cardio-respiratory diseases in Chile.
Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology
This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.
Variability and Uncertainty in Residential Wood Consumption due to Socio-economic factors, infrastructure, and environmental variables
This project seeks to explore the determinant factors of household wood consumption in urban areas of central-southern Chile. We explore the characteristics of dwellings, quality of combustion equipment, meteorological variables, along with other potential determinants of households’ consumption decision.
The aim of this project is to understand the characteristics and the driving factors of Chinese residential energy consumption. The data are collected by annual surveys from 2014 through 2016. The information covered includes: household characteristics, types of household energy, household energy use and expenditure.
As the largest coal consumer in the world, China is bothered by severe air pollutants emitted from coal combustion. Along with the regulation of industrial emission, emission from household coal use outstands in the contribution to air pollution. Policies addressing household coal use are issued, but their effects on coal use and social welfare are not clear yet.
The impact of rural electrification on non-agricultural enterprises creation: Evidence from rural Ethiopia
There is increasing evidence and widespread agreement that access to energy sources is a prerequisite for economic growth, development of local industrialization, agricultural up scaling and improving the welfare of the poor.
Existing studies show that households’ consumption of goods and services is one of the major contributors of emission of greenhouse gases and other environment related problems. Thus, changing the consumption behavior of households can largely contribute to reduce environmental problems.
Does purchase price matter on the use of energy efficient technologies: Experimental Evidence from rural Ethiopia?
There is no general consensus among policy makers, development practitioners and academicians on how to disseminate good/items if the markets fail to generate a substantial penetration of the product (Bensch and Peters, 2012). One example which this paper has focused on is clean and energy efficient technologies such as the improved cookstoves.
Impacts of Pico-photovoltaic Systems Usage on the Energy Poor – A Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Rwanda
In recent years, costs of both LED lighting diodes and photovoltaic (PV) systems have decreased substantially. In widely non-electrified rural Africa, this has induced a silent revolution, the market based dissemination of dry-cell battery or solar driven small LED lanterns in rural areas.
The Rwandan Electricity Access Roll-Out Program (EARP) is one of the most ambitious electrification interventions in Sub-Saharan Africa endowed with a budget of USD 377 million.
This research is part of the project "Bioenergy, Bioeconomy and Food Security", funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), "Research and policy advise on energy, food, water and land". The aim of the framework project is the evidence-based support of policy strategies for technological and institutional innovations of decentralized energy options
The United Nations Sustainable Energy for All (SE4All) initiative has the ambition to reach universal energy access until 2030 by providing sustainable energy access to all those 1.3 billion people in the developing world who still lack access.
Increasing the effectiveness of improved and clean cook stove interventions in rural Senegal using experimental and quasi-experimental methods
Three billion people worldwide use solid fuels and inefficient stoves to meet their daily heating and cooking needs. The resulting household air pollution causes over four million deaths annually, and the drudgery of solid fuel collection and preparation restricts opportunities for education and employment.
The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, (SIDA) has agreed to support ECRC for the generation of baseline data as an input to the CRGE’s M&E system, and assessing the role of sustainable forest management in the implementation of the CRGE strategy.
ECRC has partnered with the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF) for a new research project to investigate social and environmental trade-offs in Agriculture.
Characterization of energy use in Central America: households choices and opportunities to promote energy transition initiatives in low and middle-income countries
While developed countries are increasing their reliance on renewable energy sources, low and middle-income countries maintain their energy matrix on conventional fuels and natural resources, increasing their energy dependency and unsustainable use of natural resources to respond to a growing population and emerging economy.
Determination of potential benefits from seaweed subsidy law in the aquaculture sector from Biobío and Los Lagos Regions
FIPA N° 2016-57 Benefit of the implementation of the Seaweed Subsidy Law
Determinants of Climate Adaptation and the Role of Information Provision in Overcoming Barriers to Adaptation
The project aims to better understand behavioral determinants and other factors impacting climate change adaptation and technology uptake by households in Eastern and Southern Africa. The results will help in designing relevant policies for successful adaptation, thus alleviating poverty and stabilizing incomes in the face of increasing threats from climate change effects.
The goal of this project is to generate evidence on households' willingness to pay (WTP) for improved air quality in urban Asia. This evidence is both critically important and timely because numerous cities in Asia now have alarming levels of air pollution.
Impacts on water consumption and welfare effects from appliances selection & pricing policies under an increasing block pricing structure in the residential sector
This study analyzes residential water demand by modeling both the effects of water prices and appliance portfolios selection on households’ water demands and welfare in the cities of San Jose and Addis Ababa. The results will be relevant inputs for the design of demand side water management policies.
Through the implementation of a Choice Experiment (CE), this project estimates the social costs arising from urban developments in the Easter Hills of Bogotá, including landscape degradation and losses in recreational services, among others, and compares this economic value with compensation payments calculated by the local environmental authority.
This project has the objective to assess whether the collective titling of Afro-descendant communities in the Columbian Pacific has a positive effect on forest conservation. For this study, rural district panel data of recipients and non-recipients of land titles will be compared, using forest cover data from 1990 to 2010.
This project will investigate the impact of mangrove forest on shrimps farming and on the risk of shrimp farming, and how changes in mangrove cover affects shrimp harvests. Besides, the project aims to find out how market conditions, community and household characteristics affect the conversion of mangrove into water surface for shrimp farming.
In this project, we will determine whether and how decentralized management of irrigation systems in India may help achieve efficient extraction and distribution of water in agriculture. Our goal in this project is to shed light on the institutional mechanisms behind efficient management of water use in irrigation and thereby understanding how we can manage this crisis better.
This project aims to identify the causal impacts of electric induction stoves on levels of particulate matter and other outcomes in rural India.
Could provision of a micro credit induce electricity uptake? Evidence from a randomized controlled trial in rural Tanzania
Against the background of low connection rates and low electricity consumption in recently electrified villages, the purpose of this project is to improve the understanding why people connect and invest in electric appliances and why they do not.
Water insecurity and quality is a major challenge in Tanzania. In this project, we concentrate on the supply by examining the potential for using low-cost behavioural interventions to improve water supply management.
An examination of factors affecting the likelihood of cooperation in Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE projects using framed field experiments
This research project has the objective to compare the effect of three different approaches on communities’ cooperation behaviour in order to reduce illegal harvesting of wildlife resources.
The objectives of this research project are to analyse the effects of socioeconomic and institutional factors on land use change in Ethiopia and to assess and understand whether climate change has any role in the land use and land over changes in the country. The outcome of this research project is to reduce deforestation by improving land use planning in Ethiopia.
Farmers’ Preferences for Post-Harvest Grazing Access on Private Agricultural Lands in the Mixed Farming System of Ethiopia
This project will explore farmers’ perceptions for open access grazing on private agricultural lands and their preferences for complementary policy incentives used as incentives to increase fodder productivity and subsequently adopt conservation agriculture.