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2017-12-01

    Off-grid in Nepal: Heterogeneity in Electricity Services and Enterprise Development

    Policymakers promote both large-scale grid expansion and small-scale off-grid renewables alike as a methods of attaining electrification in developing countries. Yet the electricity services provided by these sources often differ; the grid provides unreliable electricity services, whereas off-grid sources provide reliable albeit low quantities of service.

    2017-12-01

      Waste Not: Can Biogas Deliver Sustainable Development?

      Household biogas systems are a renewable energy technology with the potential to provide sustainable development benefits by reducing pressure on forest stocks and by shifting household time budgets towards higher value activities or long-term investments in human capital.

      2017-12-01

        Incentives for increased use of clean cookstoves (Cambodia)

        We have conducted pilot experiments that aim to incentivize use of clean stoves in 4 rural Cambodian villages to better 1) understand their potential for inducing behavior change; 2) assess their feasibility; and 3) discern whether larger-scale testing in a future experimental study is warranted.

        2017-12-01

          Prices, Peers, and Perceptions (P3)

          The P3 project was launched in 2015 through a collaboration among Colorado University, the NHRC, and North Carolina State University. The central aim of the P3 project is to study factors influencing adoption of improved cookstoves in Northern Ghana. Specifically, we look at how economic incentives, social learning, and subjective beliefs interact to influence technology adoption dynamics.

          2017-12-01

            The impact of pecuniary and non-pecuniary policy instruments on the adoption of renewable energy sources in rural Ethiopia

            Renewable energy sources such as solar are alternative clean lighting sources for many rural households in developing countries. However, transition to these lighting sources is slow and policymakers are faced with the need to design and implement cost-effective policy instruments to promote the uptake and usage of such renewable energy sources. Non-pecuniary (e.g.

            2017-12-01

            Fuel choices for residential heating and cooking in urban areas of central-southern Chile: the role of income, prices, households’ preferences and the availability of energy sources and technology

            This project aims at analyzing the determinants of the choice of fuel and the intensity of fuel use for residential heating and cooking in Central and Southern Chile. Because households’ energy production technologies include a variety of fuels, we first investigate households’ choices regarding the use of a particular fuel as their main energy source.

            2017-12-01

            Chinese Residential Energy Consumption Survey (CRECS)

            The aim of this project is to understand the characteristics and the driving factors of Chinese residential energy consumption. The data are collected by annual surveys from 2014 through 2016.  The information covered includes: household characteristics, types of household energy, household energy use and expenditure.

            2017-12-01

            Shifting Households in China from Black Energy to Greener Energy

            As the largest coal consumer in the world, China is bothered by severe air pollutants emitted from coal combustion. Along with the regulation of industrial emission, emission from household coal use outstands in the contribution to air pollution. Policies addressing household coal use are issued, but their effects on coal use and social welfare are not clear yet.

            2017-12-01

              One-off Subsidies and Long-Run Adoption – A Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural Senegal

              This research is part of the project "Bioenergy, Bioeconomy and Food Security", funded by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), "Research and policy advise on energy, food, water and land". The aim of the framework project is the evidence-based support of policy strategies for technological and institutional innovations of decentralized energy options

              2017-07-28

              Characterization of energy use in Central America: households choices and opportunities to promote energy transition initiatives in low and middle-income countries

              While developed countries are increasing their reliance on renewable energy sources, low and middle-income countries maintain their energy matrix on conventional fuels and natural resources, increasing their energy dependency and unsustainable use of natural resources to respond to a growing population and emerging economy.

              2017-02-27

              Determinants of Climate Adaptation and the Role of Information Provision in Overcoming Barriers to Adaptation

              The project aims to better understand behavioral determinants and other factors impacting climate change adaptation and technology uptake by households in Eastern and Southern Africa. The results will help in designing relevant policies for successful adaptation, thus alleviating poverty and stabilizing incomes in the face of increasing threats from climate change effects.

              2017-02-27

              Air quality and household welfare in Asian mega-cities

              The goal of this project is to generate evidence on households' willingness to pay (WTP) for improved air quality in urban Asia. This evidence is both critically important and timely because numerous cities in Asia now have alarming levels of air pollution.

              2017-02-27

              Impacts on water consumption and welfare effects from appliances selection & pricing policies under an increasing block pricing structure in the residential sector

              This study analyzes residential water demand by modeling both the effects of water prices and appliance portfolios selection on households’ water demands and welfare in the cities of San Jose and Addis Ababa. The results will be relevant inputs for the design of demand side water management policies.

              2017-02-24

              Bricks and Trees, Poor and Rich: Valuing Land-Use Externalities in Bogotá

              Through the implementation of a Choice Experiment (CE), this project estimates the social costs arising from urban developments in the Easter Hills of Bogotá, including landscape degradation and losses in recreational services, among others, and compares this economic value with compensation payments calculated by the local environmental authority.

              2016-02-19

              The Impact of the System of Rice Intensification on Small-holder Farmers’ Welfare: Does Partial Adoption Matter?

              This study will assess the determinants of partial adoption dynamics and its impact implications on yield and farm profit among rice farmers in Morogoro region of Tanzania using a unique panel data. We will build on the previously collected data set from the same farmers to gather additional information on the adoption choices and dynamics, but also build up a panel data set for a relatively cleaner identification strategy of the impact of System of Rice Intensification (SRI).

              2016-02-19

              Short- and long-term effects of exogenously reducing water collection times on school attendance, hours studying and time use: Meru County, Kenya

              This research project aims to increase the evidence base for socioeconomic impacts of bringing water points closer to homes and reducing water collection times. This reduction is an important form of "time poverty" alleviation. If the the hypothesis is correct, the research results will be timely to policy makers and the broader water supply sector as water quality and treatment of waterborne diseases will improve.

              2016-02-19

              The Effects of Urban Rail Transit on Air Quality: New Evidence from Multiple Chinese Cities

              In this project, we investigate the effect of urban rail transit expansions in Chinese cities on air quality. We also compare the magnitude of effects across cities and identify the factors behind the potentially heterogeneous effects. By identifying these factors, this project is expected to help policy makers predict the effects of potential new rail systems or expansions on air pollution.

              2015-11-13

              Group decisions over the allocation of REDD payments: A natural experiment from Tanzania

              The goal of this project is to link frameworks of community or group resource management rules and of individual incentives for resource conservation in response to policy to inform and improve the success of REDD implementation in Tanzania.  The project’s direct connection to Tanzania’s policy process through collaboration with TFCG will expand the role of environmental economics capacity within that policy process and promote effective policies to address climate change through REDD.

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