Remidius Ruhinduka, a lecturer and EfD research fellow at the University of Dar Es Salaam, participated in a short-term visiting fellowship with CEGA-EASST at UC Berkeley from April 18-22, 2016. Over the course of the week, Dr. Ruhinduka was able to meet with CEGA faculty across UC Berkeley and Stanford University to discuss research and potential avenues for collaboration.
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA: When home owners at a seaside residential complex in Milnerton, Cape Town, decided to pile up sandbags between the beach and their gardens in the early 2000s, their intention was to stop the high tide from eating away at their plots during storm surges. What they didn’t anticipate was that this erosion control measure would make their property prices fall, reduce beach space, drive away tourists, and leave the beach strewn with litter.
JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA: Tourism in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) is being held back largely by failures within other sectors, according to a leading tourism analyst and economist here.
JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA: When a touring group of 289 mountain bikers needs to cross legally from Botswana into Zimbabwe, and then South Africa (SA), far from any official border posts, it means setting up informal but bureaucratically-sound passport control points in dry river beds or on dirt tracks.
Professor Thomas Sterner gave a keynote speech at a symposium at Pontificia Universidad Javeriana on April 18, to help interpret Pope Francis’ Encyclical “in care of our common home.”
The EfD Initiative is pleased to announce its partnership with Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) in organizing the Green Growth Knowledge Platform’s (GGKP) Fourth Annual Conference on the theme Transforming Development.
Leading household energy experts gathered at Duke University in April for discussions on household energy transitions and the global energy access.
WORCESTER, SOUTH AFRICA: If the South African government gives the green light for private energy companies to begin extracting shale gas using the method of hydrological fracturing, or ‘fracking’, will it have economic benefits for the region and the country? And if so, could these be offset by the cost of the potential negative impacts to other sectors and communities in the water-scarce Karoo, where fracking is being considered?
EfD Central America Director Francisco Alpizar was interviewed on national radio to reflect on Earth Day, and what actions are urgent under this celebration.
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA: Tanzanian households, who are heavily dependent on small-holder and often subsistence farming for their livelihoods, benefit from the free ecosystem services offered by wild pollinators, which boost agriculture yields.
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA: Nature can help to purify the water we drink. When a forest upstream of a water treatment plant is intact and healthy, the water arriving in the plant can be of better quality than if the forest has been heavily harvested or clear-felled. Better quality water arriving in the plant, means fewer chemicals needed to clean the water, and the purification costs are therefore lower.
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA: Resource economists from seven countries met in Cape Town this April, in an effort to find a common method for calculating the value of urban green spaces, such as parks, within their region’s main cities.
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA: A working group of resource economists met in Cape Town this April to agree on the methods they will use in order to contribute to the development of a standardised national accounting system for valuing ecosystem services.
Thomas Sterner, professor of environmental economics at School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg , has been ranked nr 9 of the most 101 influential opinion leaders in Sweden for sustainable development by the leading sustainability magazine Aktuell Hållbarhet.
When a country wants to tally up its economic performance, it generally uses ‘gross domestic product’ as its measuring stick. That’s a global standard of accounting, agreed upon according to the United Nations’ ‘systems of national accounting’, which allows all countries of the world to compare apples with apples in their economic reporting.
SOUTH AFRICA: Charging a premium for peak-time electricity could be an effective way of getting city consumers to spread their power use more evenly throughout the day, helping the national utility to manage the country’s grid more effectively.
EfD Tanzania, senior research fellow Dr. Byela Tibesigwa recently attended the AGRODEP Impact Evaluation workshop hosted by the IFPRI.
CAPE TOWN: Careful demand-side utilities management is an important tool to reduce energy and water use within South African municipalities, measures which could delay by several years the large capital outlays needed to build new infrastructure, such as new coal-based power stations or dams.
Stellenbosch, South Africa: An experimental geyser control device, which is operated via the internet a smart phone app, has the potential to cut household water heating by up to 30 percent without users noticing a change to their hot water use habits.
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA: In informal settlements and lower income homes in Cape Town, most household water use is for doing laundry. However, in the middle class suburbs, it’s mostly for showering and topping up swimming pools. This finding, from a recent municipal survey in five suburbs across South Africa’s ‘mother city’, underpins an ongoing drive to educate city residents about their water use patterns, in order to urge behaviour change.
CAPE TOWN: South Africa’s bigger cities get a large amount of their revenue from the sale of electricity and water to consumers. And owing to the pricing structure of these services, cities earn more from large-volume users, and use this revenue to cross-subsidise smaller volume users, who often fall in lower income communities.
EfD Kenya in collaboration with the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis – (KIPPRA) held its Research Day on March 3rd 2016, at the Nairobi Safari Club, Nairobi.
On Thursday March 10, the Embassy attended the annual meeting with the Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC). ECRC officially launched in February 2015 after a year-and-half of ground work. Norway signed an agreement with Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) in June 2015 to support the establishment of the research center.
Climate aid promises to simultaneously reduce climate effects and combat poverty. Yet, to secure such double dividends, improved evaluations of the current aid interventions are needed.
The Annual World Bank Conference on land and poverty took place in Washington DC, USA on March 14-18. This year´s theme was: Scaling up responsible land governance.
The Vernon Smith Center for Experimental Economics hosted the 4th Antigua Experimental Economics Conference held on 26 and 27 February at the Casa Popenoe, Antigua Guatemala and EfD-CA researches were present as part of the speakers participating in the workshop sessions.
Back to back with the of ECRCs consultative workshop on their proposed five-year research program, the EfD secretariat invited one representative from each EfD center to Addis Abeba for a policy research review workshop.
EfD was presented as a solution model for working towards the UN 17 Sustainable Development Goals when the SDSN Northern Europe was launched on February 25-26. Particularly the Ethiopian EfD center, ECRC was highlighted as an example.
A workshop for researchers and decision makers organized by the Environment for Development Initiative in Tanzania (EfDT) on 29th February, 2016 was of great interest and success. The aim of the workshop was to provide a platform for interaction with stakeholders by opening up discussions on research and policy issues in Tanzania.
Environment and Climate Research Center (ECRC) at the Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) presented its five-year research plan and program to stakeholders at a consultative workshop in Addis Ababa.
Local economics researchers have hailed the announcement this month that the City of Cape Town will reverse a decision to sell a section of the Princess Vlei wetland near Diep River to developers, who planned to build a shopping mall.
EfD-CA is part of the organizers of the VI SARA’s Institute Public Conferences series. Fellow researcher Matias Piaggio is part of the organizing team, this year’s theme of the conference is: “Seeking sustainable pathways for land use in Latin America.
On January 29th , 2016 the EfDT secretariat organized the policy interaction and dissemination workshop that was held at Hazina square, Ministry of Finance, in Dodoma, a capital city of Tanzania which is about 460 km from Dar es Salaam. The workshop was organized to present four research papers and one report falling within Environmental Economics and poverty.
CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA The water flowing down the Berg River, towards the Cape West Coast and Saldanha Bay, is the lifeblood of two competing sectors: heavy industry, and agriculture. But as demand for this limited resource grows, how do the water managers decide who gets access to it, when the water in the river is already fully allocated between existing users?
Juan Robalino participated in the Environment, Economics and You- Speaker Series Winter 2016 at Portland State University
Juan Robalino was part of the Environment, Economics and You -Speaker Series Winter 2016 with his presentation : Deforestation, Climate Change and Payments for Ecosystem Services. Robalino’s participation took place Wednesday, January 27, 2016 .
Academic research made a real connection with the lives of poor residents of Nairobi, Kenya, when the Nairobi City Water and Sewer Company’s decreased the price for water bought at public kiosks.
Since 2012, Yuanyaun Yi has been enrolled in the Global Change and Climate Economics program at the department of Economics, University of Gothenburg. However, her involvement with the EfD initiative goes back almost a decade. “My target is to bridge research in resources economics and policy-oriented outreach,” says Yuanyuan.
Charcoal use from cooking can be reduced by half if Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) stoves are subsidized. A consequence would be reduced premature deaths due to indoor air pollution, as well as saved forests in Eastern Africa.
A member of the Chile EfD center was called as a national expert to integrate the FAO review of the Chilean Fisheries Law
The Environment for Development Initiative (EfD) has recently received the positive news of another five years of financial support from Sida, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. With the continued support, EfD is planning on extending the network.
EfD Research Director, Dr. Yonas Alem represented the EfD initiative at the International Growth Center’s Energy and Growth conference held in London, Nov 12-13, 2015.
Anglers along the South African coastline choose their fishing spots on the likelihood of catching the most fish, rather than how far they have to walk to get to the spot, or weather conditions. Knowing where these fishing ‘hotspots’ are could help authorities enforce catch limits, as line fish stocks have depleting dramatically in recent years.
Not all economists buy into the notion of the ‘resource curse’ - namely, that resource-rich countries end up with slower growth and stalled development, in spite of having bankable natural assets. Newly appointed associate professor Mare Sarr argues that principles of transparency, accountability and institutions are more important factors leading to whether countries use or abuse their natural wealth.
The University of Dar es Salaam organized a Research Week exhibition that was held in March 2015. This was organized in order to increase visibility of the output of UDSM academic staff in the area of research and its contribution in solving national problems. The event was the first of its kind as each unit participated. It was organized at two levels; namely unit (Colleges/Schools/Institutes) level and university level. The theme of research week was “Utilization of Research Results for Improved Livelihood”.
Natural spaces within city limits, such as wetlands or forests, can offer important support to cities in terms of helping to manage waste water, or slow down flood waters. But scientists shouldn’t over-sell certain of these ecosystem services when lobbying for their protection with city managers, because it could lead to greater pressure being put on these already over-pressured systems.
The beautiful Kogelberg coastline - a 100 km long stretch of towering mountains and craggy beaches about an hour’s drive east of Cape Town - and its surrounding tourist attractions are estimated to have a ‘recreational value’ of about US$27.2 million (ZAR272 million) annually.
Zimbabwe’s community-based conservation approach, which brings together peasant farmers in a tourism-focused approach to wildlife management, has not curbed poaching along the edge of protected areas as intended. And communities haven’t benefited as much from the income they hoped to gain from selling hunting licences, either.
Newly appointed professor Edwin Muchapondwa has travelled a long way since he left his home town of Bindura, near Harare, when he was eight years old. Over three decades later, the conservation and development challenges of rural Zimbabwe remain front and centre for the University of Cape Town (UCT) economist.
As part of its Third Annual Meeting, members of the CASCADE project, which is co-led by Conservation International (CI) and CATIE (Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education), reviewed the overall progress of the initiative as well as the main results obtained in the different lines of research.
This year, for the first time ever, nearly all of the world’s countries are making pledges to help limit future climate change. As of October 1st, 147 countries, representing about 85 percent of global emissions, have submitted their “Intended Nationally Determined Contributions” (INDCs).