Air pollution in urban areas is one of the major environmental problems in Chile. In particular, an important number of cities in central and southern Chile exhibit high levels of respirable suspended particulate matter, which are mainly due to emissions from household’s burning of wood for heating and cooking.
The project will inform the Chilean government’s implementation of Small Scale Aquaculture (SSA) to reduce pressure on wild marine resources and to provide income-generating activities to vulnerable artisanal fishing communities.
The Chilean mussel aquaculture industry is a prime example of a thriving industry. However, the industry growth rate, aquaculture concessions and market prices have stabilized signaling a shift in the industry from exponential growth to, if handled correctly, economic stability. Here we used perception research, an efficient tool to inform on the implementation of management strategies, to provide policy makers with the tools necessary for the development of strategies that will aid in the sustainability of the industry through its current shift. We assessed the perception
This research aims to find the determinants of participation on social organizations in Chile through a social capital approach, as well as to evaluate the existence of a positive effect between participation and household welfare. In the case of economic and local organizations several regressions for participation and income were run.
In most developing countries non-irrigation status often dominates
adoption of traditional and modern irrigation technology. In this paper, we study the
effect of production risk on irrigation technology choice among small-scale farmers
in Chile, applying sample selection and discrete choice models. We find that more
educated farmers, with credit access, receiving extension services, and living in
communes with more adopters are more likely to use modern irrigation techniques.
Typically, crew members in fisheries are remunerated through a share of the total revenues. However, there
is little empirical evidence on the mechanisms by which revenues are distributed to labor and capital, and
how these distributions affect economic performance. Under an agency problem framework, we estimate a
dose-response function to study the formation of contracts and identify the marginal effects of changes in
crew profit shares on fishing returns in Chilean artisanal fisheries. The results support share contract choices
This project will use the tools of experimental economics to study behavioral issues related to both the protection of a common-pool resource from poaching by outsiders, and the enforcement of rules and norms to maintain compliance within a group. The experiments are motivated by the Chilean abalone (loco) fishery and will be conducted in the field with members of local artisanal fishing organizations.