In spite of much development progress in Tanzania, the people of this East African country still continue to struggle with many core threats to their prosperity: poverty, disease, aid dependency, the dearth of infrastructure, and corruption.
Produce from small-scale farms is a mainstay for most Tanzanian households, and the ecosystem services provided by wild pollinators play a central role in their productivity.
A workshop for researchers and decision makers organized by the Environment for Development Initiative in Tanzania (EfDT) on 29th February, 2016 was of great interest and success. The aim of the workshop was to provide a platform for interaction with stakeholders by opening up discussions on research and policy issues in Tanzania.
Charcoal use from cooking can be reduced by half if Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) stoves are subsidized. A consequence would be reduced premature deaths due to indoor air pollution, as well as saved forests in Eastern Africa.
Tanzania celebrated the world environment day with an environment week that began with a high level symposium on climate change, environment and the national economy
On the 5th of June the world marked the World Environment Day. Tanzania celebrated this day in a week-long event from the 31st May until the 5th June. The week-long event included a high level symposium which took place on the 1st June at the Hyatt Regency Hotel in Dar es Salaam. The theme of the symposium was climate change, environment and national economy.
Post-Harvest Management needs a joint effort as an important component of food security and Industrialization in Tanzania
The EfD Tanzania researchers participated in a two-day National Level Post-Harvest Management conference that was held at the Nkrumah Hall, University of Dar es Salaam from 8th to 9th November 2017. It was officiated by Hon Dr. Hon Mary Mwajelwa (MP), Deputy Minister Ministry of Agriculture.
Dr. Aloyce Hepelwa EfDTanzania research fellow will participate to the 5th Nile Basin Development Forum (NBDF) that will take place in Kigali, Rwanda from 23 to 25th October, 2017 at Kigali Marriott Hotel. The Forum is organized by Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) in collaboration with the Government of Rwanda and in partnership with Development Partners (BMZ/GIZ, BMU/GIZ and World Bank).
EfD Tanzania researchers, Dr. John Mduma and Dr. Wilhelm Ngasamiaku, in collaboration with researchers from University of Dar es Salaam and African Institute for Development Policy carried a study on Prospects and Challenges of Harnessing Demographic Dividend in Tanzania. The study was commissioned and funded under the USAID project titled Evidence to Action for Strengthening Reproductive Health through Pathfinder International Tanzania.
SETI (http://seti.duke.edu/) invites concept notes to seed collaborative research related to energy transitions. We particularly welcome proposals for work related to the SETI priority themes, including: Consequences of energy poverty, defined as a lack of reliable access to electricity and other modern fuels Drivers of the energy transition in low- and middle-income contexts, including lessons from past experiences Impacts of energy transitions at various scales (households, firms, and the regional and global environment) Policy levers and solutions to speed the energy transition; and analysis of their effectiveness Notable gaps in research on energy transitions
The Department of economics, University of Dar es Salaam in collaboration with the East African Social Science Translation (EASST) at CEGA-UC Berkeley and Strategic Impact Evaluation Fund (SIEF ) at the World Bank organized the 2016 East Africa Impact Evaluation Workshop and Evidence Summit that was hosted at the University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania from July 12-14, 2016 .
Dr. Byela Tibesigwa and Prof. Kassim Kulindwa were nominated by , the Tanzania Focal Point for the Gaborone Declaration for Sustainability in Africa (GDSA), Mr. Geofrey Bakanga based at the Vice President’s office to represent Tanzania’s Natural Capital Accounting (NCA) efforts at the GDSA workshop in Nairobi, held from June 21-23 2016.
Remidius Ruhinduka, a lecturer and EfD research fellow at the University of Dar Es Salaam, participated in a short-term visiting fellowship with CEGA-EASST at UC Berkeley from April 18-22, 2016. Over the course of the week, Dr. Ruhinduka was able to meet with CEGA faculty across UC Berkeley and Stanford University to discuss research and potential avenues for collaboration.
On January 29th , 2016 the EfDT secretariat organized the policy interaction and dissemination workshop that was held at Hazina square, Ministry of Finance, in Dodoma, a capital city of Tanzania which is about 460 km from Dar es Salaam. The workshop was organized to present four research papers and one report falling within Environmental Economics and poverty.
The University of Dar es Salaam organized a Research Week exhibition that was held in March 2015. This was organized in order to increase visibility of the output of UDSM academic staff in the area of research and its contribution in solving national problems. The event was the first of its kind as each unit participated. It was organized at two levels; namely unit (Colleges/Schools/Institutes) level and university level. The theme of research week was “Utilization of Research Results for Improved Livelihood”.
Legislation aimed at reducing smoking and tobacco leaf production will curb the adverse health and welfare effects of cigarettes and tobacco consumption. This was stated by EfD Tanzania researchers at a workshop about economic effects of cigarette and tobacco production that brought together researchers, government officers, journalists and faith based organizations.
"This very readable book on Forest Tenure Reform in Asia and Africa looks at different countries’ strategies to use tenure innovations to manage forest resources. An especially interesting contribution is the comparison of China’s privatization of forest rights to the community-based forestry management approach in other developing countries," says Peter Berck, Professor of Agricultural and Resource Economics and Policy, S.J. Hall Professor of Forestry, University of California, Berkeley, USA.
Tanzanian newspapers Raia Tanzania and Raia Mwema reported from the EfD Policy Day held on the 22 October 2014 in Dar es Salaam. Ola Olsson, Professor of Development Economics at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, was interviewed. The Minister of State in the Vice President's Office for Environment, Binillith Satano Mahenge was quoted, and so was Gunnar Köhlin, EfD Director.
The Environment for Development Tanzania (EfDT) conducted EfD’s Policy Day during the 8th EfD Annual Meeting, held on the 22 October 2014, at Golden Tulip Hotel, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The main theme of this conference was “From Gold Rush to Gas Gust: Tanzania in Search for Better Way of Natural Gas Use for Sustainable Human Development”.
There has been much debate about the climate implications of increased natural gas usage. While it is true that natural gas burns cleaner than other fossil fuels, (the carbon dioxide per unit of energy may be around half that of coal), methane leaking during the production, delivery and use of natural gas has the potential to undo much of the greenhouse gas benefits we think we’re getting when natural gas is substituted for other fuels. The good news is that leaks can be detected, measured and reduced. Jonathan Camuzeaux, Senior Economic Analyst at Environmental Defense Fund, will present lessons learnt from EDF’s work in the U.S. and potential implications for Tanzania at the EfD Policy Day.
In an effort to gauge the appropriate entrance and conservation fees for three southern African nature reserves, researchers associated with the EfD center at University of Cape Town’s Environmental Policy Research Unit (EPRU) in South Africa have analyzed results from recent surveys conducted in Serengeti National Park in Tanzania, Kenya’s Maasai-Mara National Reserve, and the Kruger National Park in South Africa.
Will gas and minerals bless or curse Tanzania and other natural resource rich countries in Africa? “Transparency is crucial to avoid devastating scenarios. Governments should publish all revenues, whereas firms should publish all payments they make to governments for natural resources. So the people can judge whether revenues are used for sustainable development,” said Professor Ola Olsson, University of Gothenburg, in his key note speech at EfD Policy Day in Tanzania Oct 22, 2014.
Rural electrification has provided to be efficient driver in promoting value addition particularly of agricultural products that helped farmers to fetch premium market price.
University dons have warned over the risk of the current oil and gas industry development focusing on short term gains alone, saying such a trend might cause long term damage in terms of revenues, contracts and licenses given to companies as well as exports promotion
New deadline for EfD's 2015 proposal submission is June 1, 2014. All proposals must be presented in the respective EfD Center Workshops before submission.
The President of the United Republic of Tanzania has appointed Prof. Adolf Mkenda, a fellow of the EfD, to serve as Deputy Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Finance in charge of policy.
EfD research fellow Dr Elizabeth Robinson from the School of Agriculture, Policy and Development at the University of Reading has been appointed to sit on Defra's Economic Advisory Panel which provides advice, support and new research insights to Defra's economists and policymakers.
Four years ago, Razack Lokina, Research Fellow and Director of EfD Tanzania, took the initiative to establish a research policy board for his EfD Center. The aim was to facilitate transfer of research findings to decision makers and other stakeholders, as well as to bring in ideas about what types of research are actually needed by society. One of the direct results of the establishment of the board is the EfD participation in the review of Tanzania´s National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (2005-2010) commonly abbreviated as MKUKUTA in Kiswahili. The ideas to further enhance research policy dialogue are abundant.
Research on energy demand in developing countries is important for many reasons. The existing widespread use of solid energy sources (e.g. fuelwood, dung, charcoal, coal, leaves, twigs) in Sub-Saharan Africa, and in the developing world in general, has a number of environmental implications. Deforestation, disturbance in watersheds, indoor air pollution and loss of biodiversity are some to mention. On the other hand, climbing the “energy ladder” has implications for greenhouse gas emissions. Thus, understanding the pattern of household energy demand and its implications on the environment is crucial to formulate appropriate energy policies that affect household welfare, local environment and climate change.
Climate change is expected to have significant impacts on the agricultural sector in Sub-Saharan African countries. In this regard, adaptation mechanisms to climate change play a paramount role in reducing the impact on agricultural productivity and food security. With this motivation, the EfD-EEU in Gothenburg, hosted a first collaborative research workshop on the theme “adaptation to climate change in African agriculture” in Gothenburg, Sweden, February 9-10, 2012.
This Briefing Report about the EfD Side-Event to the UN Climate Change Conference in Durban 2011 is authored by Mark Purdon, University of Toronto/EfD Research Associate.
“If we aren’t careful, a system like REDD may lead to a revision of colonialism. The crucial problem is that we in Tanzania don´t have the required facts about our own forests,” said Professor Claude Mung'ong'o of University of Dar es Salaam's Institute of Resource Assessment to the audience of policy makers and researchers attending the Policy Day of the fifth EfD Annual Meeting 2011.
Fuel Taxes and the Poor challenges the conventional wisdom that gasoline taxation, an important and much-debated instrument of climate policy, has a disproportionately detrimental effect on poor people.
Press release in connection with EfD Policy Day Arusha, Tanzania, 27 October 2011
Press release in connection with EfD Policy Day Arusha, Tanzania, 27 October 2011
A half day workshop was organized by EfD in Washington DC on April 21, 2011. Recent developments in forest management institutions in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania were presented. EfD-Ethiopia coordinator, Dr. Alemu Mekonnen presented a paper on Household Forest Values under Varying Management Regimes in Ethiopia.
The Environment for Development initiative arranged a Forest Tenure Impact Evaluation Workshop on April 21, in connection to the World Bank’s annual conference on land and poverty in Washington D.C. on April 18-20. Recent developments in forest management institutions in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania were reviewed during this workshop, and a potential impact evaluation program for forest tenure reform in East Africa was discussed. The workshop was held on Thursday April 21 and was open for all conference participants.
The year 2010 members of the EfDT in collaboration with other members from the Economics department conducted series of policy Seminar/workshops that involves different groups of participants’ at the national as follows:
A sharper and more focused national strategy for growth and poverty reduction for the coming five years – that is the aim of an ongoing rigorous review of Tanzania´s first National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (NSGRP). EfD researcher John Ked Mduma is a technical advisor to the review process under the Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs, and EfD Coordinator Dr. Razack Lokina provides research studies, commissioned by the Government, to fill certain information gaps.
"If you really care about poverty you should subsidise the things the poor need the most - and that is surely not petrol", says Professor Thomas Sterner commenting the current policy debate on fuel subsidies in Ghana, in the newspaper Ghana´s Business and Financial Times. The comment builds on research in a number of different countries conducted by Professor Thomas Sterner to which Dr Robinson and Dr Akpalu are contributing. The research will result in a book.
Dr John Ked Mduma, EfD research fellow in Tanzania is currently a technical advisor to NSGRP, National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty review process under the Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs.
Dr Lokina coordinator of EfD in Tanzania was interviewed by the daily paper This day, to comment on the strategies on strengthen fisheries governance and legal frameworks to eliminate illegal, unregulated and unreported fishing in the sub regional states of the Indian Ocean.
Mark Purdon of the University of Toronto (Canada) carried -out research in collaboration at EfD Tanzania on climate change policy. The subject is the performance of existing projects under the Kyoto Protocol’s carbon offset system Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) operating in Tanzania and their contribution to sustainable regional development, with a focus on land governance.
EfD Tanzania Pressrelease 2009-02-20
The Deputy Minister for Natural Resources and Tourism, Ezekiel Maige, recently underscored the need for people living around forest reserves to be empowered with forest management skills. Researchers at Environment for Development Tanzania (EfDT), an initiative based at the Department of Economics at the University of Dar es Salaam, have identified a number of critical areas that will help both to protect Tanzania’s forests and the livelihoods of those villagers living close to the forests.
On Wednesday 10th December 2008, Environment for Development Tanzania held a policy workshop in Dar es Salaam to discuss with key stakeholders the findings from their recently completed research project that addresses the determinants of successful participatory forest management in Tanzania.
EfD Tanzania Pressrelease 2008-11-02
The Tanzanian newspaper Daily News, one of the biggest English newspapers in the country, interviewed Razack Lokina, fellow reseacher and coordinator of the EfD center in Tanzania, and Hakan Eggert, resident advisor and fellow researcher of the EfD center in Tanzania, on over fishing of Nile perch in Lake Victoria.
The proposed study aims to assess the effects of conservation policies in the Ngorongoro’s Conservation Area in Tanzania to predict Maasai responses to future policies.
Determinants of Climate Adaptation and the Role of Information Provision in Overcoming Barriers to Adaptation
The project aims to better understand behavioral determinants and other factors impacting climate change adaptation and technology uptake by households in Eastern and Southern Africa. The results will help in designing relevant policies for successful adaptation, thus alleviating poverty and stabilizing incomes in the face of increasing threats from climate change effects.