P.P. Krishnapriya is a Research Scientist at the Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University.
Sutirtha is a visiting Assistant Professor in Economics at the Indian Institute of Management, Indore. His primary research interests include applied welfare economics, development economics, food and agricultural trade. His research focuses on the impact of individual level heterogeneity on aggregate welfare measurement. Besides, his research work also includes spatial impact of trade liberalization and measures of subjective well-being. He obtained his PhD in Quantitative Economics from Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi, in 2017.
Sabyasachi Das is an Assistant Professor in the Economics Department at Ashoka University. His research interests are political economy, public economics and applied microeconomics. His dissertation project at Yale University, examined the effectiveness of the deliberative institution of “Gram Sabha” in Indian village councils. He received his Ph. D. in economics from Yale University in 2015.
Shoibal is an Assistant Professor at the National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore. His research interest is in energy and climate policy, energy-economics modelling and modelling uncertainty in energy-climate models. He was formerly a Research Associate at the Princeton Environmental Institute, Princeton University. Shoibal obtained his PhD in Physics from Princeton University in 2005.
Kanika Mahajan is an Assistant Professor in Economics at the Department of Economics, Ashoka University. Her primary research interests include empirical development economics in the field of gender, agriculture, labor and environment. Her recently published articles look at the effect of female labor supply and rainfall shocks on gender wage gap in India and the effect of NREGA on casual wages in rural India. Currently, she is working on differences in agriculture productivity across men and women farm managers in India and exploring the structural linkages between agriculture and decline in female employment in rural areas. Previously, she has taught at the School of Liberal Studies, Ambedkar University, Delhi. She has obtained her PhD in Quantitative Economics from the Economics and Planning Unit of Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi, in 2015.
Ridhima is an Assistant Professor in the department of Economic Sciences at IISER Bhopal. Her specialisation is environmental economics and agricultural economics. Her current work involves emissions from the livestock sector in India and linkages between electrification and modern fuel use. Ridhima’s past research has been published in Climatic Change, Climate Change Economics and has been covered in popular media such as The Huffington Post. Her previous research targeted black carbon emission from agricultural fires in India. She received a PhD in Economics from Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi in 2015.
Ashokankur Datta is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics, Shiv Nadar University. He completed his Ph.D. at the Indian Statistical Institute in 2012. He holds undergraduate and master’s degrees in Economics from University of Calcutta and University of Delhi. His academic interest is in understanding environmental problems of the developing world with the help of tools from the field of economics. He is also interested in studying issues related to exclusion and discrimination in the context of India. His recent research is on green energy innovation in absence of commitment in climate policy, intra-community distributional effects of decentralization of forest management and impact of NREGA on distress migration.
P.P. Krishnapriya is a Post-Doctoral fellow at Duke University. Prior to this, she was a visiting Assistant Professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi. She received her PhD in economics from the Delhi School of Economics in 2017. Her research interests include energy economics, development economics and labour economics. Her doctoral research primarily studied the impact of information on households’ choice of domestic energy.
Arka Roy Chaudhuri is presently Lecturer-cum-Post-Doctoral fellow in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi. His research interests include Development Economics, Labour Economics and Economic History. He received his PhD from University of British Columbia in 2015.
Monisankar Bishnu is an assistant professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi. His research interests are in the areas of public finance, macroecon
Saudamini Das is NABARD Chair Professor at Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi and is a Fellow of South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics. She worked as Mälar scholar at the Beijer Institute of Ecological Economics, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, during 2011-12. Her research areas are climate change adaptation, assessment of loss and damage to livelihood due to climate change, valuation of ecosystem services, coastal vulnerability analysis, and evaluation of public policy. Her significant research on storm protection services of mangroves has been showcased as a short movie by American Museum of Natural History (http://www.amnh.org/explore/science- bulletins/(watch)/bio/news/mangrove-trees-save-lives-in-storms ) and as featured article “The Mystery of Mangroves” by Nature Conservancy Magazine. She received her PhD in economics from Delhi University in 2009.
Haripriya Gundimeda is a Professor in the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, at the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, India; and the President of URBIO. Her main areas of research are green accounting, mitigation aspects of climate change, energy demand and pricing, valuation of environmental resources and issues relating to the development in India. She is the President of URBIO and the Co-cordinator of the report “The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity” for local and regional policy. She holds a master’s degree in mathematics and a PhD in Development Policy. She has also been a visiting scholar at the Institute of Behavioural Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, a Ratan Tata Fellow at the Asia Research Centre, the London School of Economics and a Political Sciences and visiting researcher at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Rohini Somanathan is a professor of Economics at the Delhi School of Economics. She received her PhD in 1996 from Boston University and held faculty positions at Emory University, the University of Michigan and the Indian Statistical Institute before joining the Delhi School of Economics in 2005. Her research focuses on how social institutions interact with public policies to shape patterns of economic and social inequality. She is particularly interested in exploring the intellectual and ideological environment within which state policy is created and justified. Within the broad area of development economics, she has worked on group identity and public goods, access to microfinance, child nutrition programs and environmental health. As part of her professional and other activities, she is on the Executive Committee of the International Economic Association, on the governing body of the Indira Gandhi Institute for Development Research and a trustee of the NGO SRIJAN. She has also been part of the annual consultations on the Budget in the Ministry of Finance in India. Webpage: Click here
Farzana Afridi is an associate professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi. Her research interests lie in the areas of child development, gender, social identities and governance. She has conducted extensive research on different facets of India’s school meal program and the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Her current research agenda focuses on school accountability, women’s labor force participation and corruption in the delivery of social security programs. Prior to ISI, she was an Assistant Professor at Syracuse University (New York) and the Delhi School of Economics. She is a Research Fellow at the IZA (Bonn, Germay). Her research has been published in the Journal of Public Economics, Journal of Development Economics and Economic Development and Cultural Change, among others. She obtained a PhD in economics from the University of Michigan in 2006.. Webpage
Abhiroop Mukhopadhyay is an associate professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi.His research is in the economics of health, development and public policy. He is also a fellow at the Institute of Study of Labor (IZA), Germany. He has worked on issues related to public policy: in particular, the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) - a big public workfare program in India: the political economy of it's implementation and the effects of NREGS on education and borrowing. In the past, he worked on issues related to health: the economic effects of HIV-AIDS and Cancer (Health). He received his PhD from The Pennsylvania State University in 2004. He has also been an academic visitor at the London School of Economics, Institute of Development Economics (Japan) and Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (Spain). Webpage: Click here
Mudit Kapoor is an associate professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi.
Bharat Ramaswami is a professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi. His research spans many areas of agricultural economics and economic development, including food security and policy. He has served on committees advising the Government of India and his research has been published by the Asian Development Bank and the International Food Policy Research Institute and was awarded the Mahalanobis Memorial Medal by the Indian Econometric Society in 2004 for his contributions to quantitative economics and is a Co-editor of the Indian Growth and Development Review. He received his PhD from the University of Minnesota.
Eswaran Somanathan is a professor in the Economics and Planning unit, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Delhi and the Program Director of the Centre for research on the Economics of Climate, Food, Energy and Environment (CECFEE). His research is in the economics of environment and development and microeconomic theory. He is the Editor of the journal Environment and Development Economics published by Cambridge University press and was a Co-ordinating Lead Author for Working Group III of the Fifth Assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. He has recently joined as an Expert in the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) led National Task Force. He received his PhD in economics from Harvard in 1995, and has taught at Princeton, the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor and Emory University. Webpage: Click here
Haripriya Gundimeda has completed the following course at the EEU; Environmental Policy Instruments.
FOURTEENTH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi 19-21 December 2018
Call for Papers for the Conference “Green transformation and competitive advantage: Evidence from developing countries”
Call for Papers for the Conference “Green transformation and competitive advantage: Evidence from developing countries” German Development Institute - Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE), Bonn, Germany, 18-19 June 2018 For full information click here.
EfD is arranging a pre-conference workshop for women in Environmental Economics, ahead of the 6th World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists (WCERE) 2018 in Gothenburg. The purpose is to support and encourage early career women pursuing careers in the domain of EfD, which is environmental economics applied to policy questions in developing countries, especially in countries with EfD centers.
Missing or imperfect markets in several economic sectors explain the reality of the economic problems in developing countries. A market failure in any sector can lead to inefficient allocation of resources and these failures are often resulted in an unequal distribution of income or wealth.
This year the EfD annual meeting will be held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from: October 27-30, 2017. It is hosted by the Environment and Climate Research Center (EfD - Ethiopia) and the EfD Secretariat. The EfD annual meeting is a forum to bring together researchers from all EfD centers and their collaborators. EfD would also like to attract key stakeholders for exchange of research ideas. Updates for participants will be displayed here.
The Agriculture for Food Security 2030 (AgriFoSe2030) programme, a Swedish initiative, will conduct a training course for young Asian researchers on effective research-to-policy communication for agricultural development.
Duke welcomed over 70 scholars and practitioners from 15 countries for the second annual Sustainable Energy Transitions Initiative (SETI) Meeting, May 9-11, 2017.
The Indian Statistical Institute held its Annual Conference on Economic Growth and Development, Dec 18-20 in Delhi.
Evaluating a ‘happy’ solution to India’s crop residue burning by Ishita Datta
The EfD India Report 2017 gives you an excellent overview of the centres´ achievements during 2017 ranging from interesting policy stories on how economic research is put to use around the world to collaborative research programs, a wide range of publications, and our academic capacity efforts.
Using a three-period overlapping generations economy framework, we characterize an intergenerational welfare state with endogenous education and pension under voting. We show that although politically establishing Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG) social security in isolation in a dynamically efficient economy will always reduce the capital investment and therefore the social welfare as expected, in contrast politically implementing education-pension policy package instead can improve both human and physical capital accumulation and social welfare over laissez faire.
Dynamics versus optimization in non-convex environmental economics problems with a single welfare function
Economics has a well-defined notion of equilibrium. Unlike mechanics or thermodynamics, economics does not include explicit theories of dynamics describing how equilibria are reached or whether they are stable. However, even simple economics problems such as maximization of a welfare function might sometimes be interpreted as dynamics problems. Here we consider when dynamics is relevant to welfare optimization problems involving a single decision-maker, for example, a social decision-maker maximizing a social welfare function.
We use the nation-wide policy of randomly allocating village council headships to women to identify the impact of female political leadership on the governance of projects implemented under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act in India. Using primary survey data, we find more program inefficiencies and leakages in village councils reserved for women heads: political and administrative inexperience make such councils more vulnerable to bureaucratic capture. When using a panel of audit reports, governance improves as female leaders accumulate experience.
Abstract In contrast with global trends, India has witnessed a secular decline in women’s employment rates over the past few decades. We investigate this decline in rural areas, where the majority of Indian women reside. Using parametric and semi-parametric decomposition techniques, we show that changes in individual and household attributes fully account for the fall in women’s labor force participation in 1987–1999 and account for more than half of the decline in 1999–2011.
Gender Differences in Health Expenditure of Rural Cancer Patients: Evidence from a Public Tertiary Care Facility in India
This paper investigates if there are gender differences in health expenditures and treatment seeking behavior among cancer patients and finds that the results are consistent with gender discrimination. Using a survey on rural patients suffering from cancer in a public tertiary health center in an Indian state Odisha, the study finds that expenditures on female patients are significantly lesser than those on males. Even after controlling for other covariates, in particular the type of cancer, demographic and socio-economic variables, 73% of the difference persists.
We use regression analysis on data from 208 districts over the period 1981–2009 to examine the impact of temperature and solar radiation (affected by pollution from aerosols) on wheat yields in India. We find that a 1 °C increase in average daily maximum and minimum temperatures tends to lower yields by 2–4% each. A 1% increase in solar radiation increases yields by nearly 1%. Yields are estimated to be about 5.2% lower than they would have been if temperatures had not increased during the study period.
Ecological Restoration and Livelihood: Contribution of Planted Mangroves as Nursery and Habitat for Artisanal and Commercial Fishery
Restoration of degraded and depleted mangrove habitats and planting of mangroves over coastal mudflats is happening at many places, but there are few studies that evaluate the flow of ecosystem services from these regenerated ecosystems. The state of Gujarat in Western India has planted thousands of hectares of mangroves over the coastal mudflats and, today, the state’s mangrove cover is nearly double that in the 1930s. However, these mangroves have limiting features: for example, these are mostly single-species, Avicenna marina, and are sparse, and lack freshwater supply.
The gender wage gap is notable not just for its persistence and ubiquity but also for its variation across regions and countries. A natural question is how greater workforce participation by women matters to female wages and the gender wage gap. Within India, a seeming paradox is that gender differentials in agricultural wages are the largest in southern regions of India that are otherwise favorable to women. Ester Boserup hypothesized that this is due to greater labor force participation by women in these regions.
The Three Year Action Agenda, a NITI Aayog document, is based on extensive discussions with and inputs from the central ministries and State governments. The Governing Council of the NITI Aayog, consisting of the Prime Minister as its Chairperson and several Union Ministers and State Chief Ministers as Members, extensively deliberated on the document in its draft form at its meeting on 23rd April 2017.
Educational Attainment and Learning in India, 2004–2012 Regional growth and sustainable development in Asia
The world’s population has doubled between 1960 and 2000 and is expected to rise further by more than two billion people by 2050. Asia will not only continue to be home to the largest share of world population, but it will also have the highest ratio of working to non-working population in the world in 2050. In this chapter we focus on one country—India—poised to be the largest individual contributor to the global working-age population of 15–64-year-olds over the coming three decades.
Read about EfD research applied around the developing world during 2017. Take a look at each EfD Center's Stories!